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A New Approach for Item Ranking Based on Review Scores Reflecting Temporal Trust Factor

  • Kazumi Saito
  • Masahiro Kimura
  • Kouzou Ohara
  • Hiroshi Motoda
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8393)

Abstract

We propose a new item-ranking method that is reliable and can efficiently identify high-quality items from among a set of items in a given category using their review-scores which were rated and posted by users. Typical ranking methods rely only on either the number of reviews or the average review score. Some of them discount outdated ratings by using a temporal-decay function to make a fair comparison between old and new items. The proposed method reflects trust levels by incorporating a trust discount factor into a temporal-decay function. We first define the MTDF (Multinomial with Trust Discount Factor) model for the review-score distribution of each item built from the observed review data. We then bring in the notion of z-score to accommodate the trust variance that comes from the number of reviews available, and propose a z-score version of MTDF model. Finally we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method using the MovieLens dataset, showing that the proposed ranking method can derive more reasonable and trustable rankings, compared to two naive ranking methods and the pure z-score based ranking method.

Keywords

Item-ranking Trust discount factor Z-socre 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazumi Saito
    • 1
  • Masahiro Kimura
    • 2
  • Kouzou Ohara
    • 3
  • Hiroshi Motoda
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Administration and InformaticsUniversity of ShizuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and InformaticsRyukoku UniversityJapan
  3. 3.Department of Integrated Information TechnologyAoyama Gakuin UniversityJapan
  4. 4.Institute of Scientific and Industrial ResearchOsaka UniversityJapan
  5. 5.School of Computing and Information SystemsUniversity of TasmaniaJapan

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