Triceps Augmentation



The authors focus on the treatment of triceps hypoplasia. There is a description of the basic anatomy of the region. Preoperative marking of the patient and operative procedure are discussed followed by postoperative care and potential postoperative complications. The observed complications are described as well as the management of those complications.


Compartment Syndrome Radial Nerve Cutaneous Nerve Capsular Contracture Posterior Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery Procedural Census. 2008. Accessed 9 Jun 2013.
  3. 3.
    Phillips KA. Body image and body dysmorphic disorder. In: Cash TL, Smolak L, editors. Body image: a handbook of science, practice, and prevention. 2nd ed. New York: The Guilford Press. 2012, p. 305–13.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pope HG, Gruber AJ, Mangweth B, Bureau B, deCol C, Jouvent R, Hudson JI. Body image perception among men in three countries. Am J Psychiatry. 2000;157(8):1297–301.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Olivardia R, Pope HG, Borowiecki JJ, Cohane GH. Biceps and body image: the relationship between muscularity and self-esteem, depression, and eating disorder symptoms. Psychol Men Masculinity. 2004;5(2):112–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leit RA, Pope HG, Gray JJ. Cultural expectation of muscularity in men: the evolution of playgirl centerfolds. Int J Eat Disord. 2001;29(1):90–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cafri G, Thompson JK, Riccciardelli L, McCabe M, Smolak L, Yesalis C. Pursuit of the muscular ideal: physical and psychological consequences and putative risk factors. Clin Psychol Rev. 2005;25(2):215–39.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pope HG, Olivardia R, Gruber A, Borowiecki J. Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys. Int J Eat Disord. 1999;26(1):65–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bonnecarrere ER, Butler B. Case report: upper extremity soft-tissue reconstruction by alloplastic implant: long-term result and follow-up. Ann Plast Surg. 1997;38:74–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hodgkinson DJ. Contour restoration of the upper limb using solid silicone implants. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2006;30(1):53–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chugay N, Racanelli J, Hsu J, Chugay P. Bicipital augmentation. Am J Cosmet Surg. 2006;23(1):33–6.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chugay N, Chugay P. Bicipital augmentation: a retrospective review of 94 patient cases. Am J Cosmet Surg. 2009;67(4):241–5.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chugay NV, Chugay PN. Triceps augmentation: early experience with the procedure. Am J Cosmet Surg. 2010;27(4):200–3.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Abadesso I, Serra F. Augmentation brachioplasty: surgery for improving the appearance of the arms. Rev Bras Cir Plast. 2012;27(1):97–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Toomayan GA, Robertson F, Major NM, Brigman BE. Upper extremity compartmental anatomy: clinical relevance to radiologists. Skeletal Radiol. 2006;35(4):195–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mazurek MT, Shin AY. Upper extremity peripheral nerve anatomy. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 2001;383:7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Amendola A. Compartment syndromes. In: Browner BD, Jupiter JB, Levine AM, Trafton BG, Krettek C, editors. Skeletal trauma: basic science, management, and reconstruction. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2003.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cothren CC, Biffl WL, Moore EE. Chapter 7. Trauma. In: Brunicardi FC, Andersen DK, Billiar TR, Dunn DL, Hunter JG, Matthews JB, Pollock RE, editors. Schwartz’s principles of surgery. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional; 2010.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chamosa M, Murillo J, Vazquez T. Lipectomy of arms and lipograft of shoulders balance the upper body contour. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2005;29(6):567–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Appelt EA, Janis JE, Rohrich RJ. An algorithmic approach to upper arm contouring. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;118(1):237–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rohrich RJ, Beran SJ, Kenkel JM. Back and arms. In: Rohrich RJ, Beran SJ, Kenkel JM, editors. Ultrasound assisted liposuction. 1st ed. St Louis: Quality Medical Publishing; 1998. p. 231–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Long BeachUSA
  2. 2.TustinUSA

Personalised recommendations