Pollutant Discharge Control of Municipal Wastewater

  • Yoshiaki TsuzukiEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology book series (BRIEFSWATER)


When municipal wastewater pollutant discharge control methods in Japan and Thailand are compared, one of the differences is whether the areas of centralized wastewater treatment systems and on-site wastewater treatment systems are divided or not. These areas are divided by the administration planning in Japan while on-site wastewater treatment facilities are mandatory installed even in the areas of centralized wastewater treatment systems in Thailand (Tsuzuki et al. 2009a; Tsuzuki 2011). The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) sanitation indicator, proportion of people with access to appropriate sanitation in Thailand have been already 99–100 %, however, PDCs in Thailand is larger than those in Japan. More improvement of wastewater treatment is necessary even in developing countries especially those with large MDG sanitation indicator such as Thailand to decrease pollutant discharge from municipal wastewater and to improve ambient water quality. A part of this chapter is based on Tsuzuki (2011).


Gross Domestic Product Municipal Wastewater Wastewater Treatment System Pollutant Discharge Material Flow Analysis 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology (EAIT)The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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