Effects of Satellite Motion on the Received Signal in GPS

  • Antonio NapolitanoEmail author
  • Ivana Perna
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In this chapter, the effects of the relative motion between a GPS satellite and a stationary receiver on the Earth are addressed. An analysis of the satellite motion is carried out to justify the assumption of constant relative radial speed within observation intervals adopted in the applications. It is shown that the transmitted cyclostationary signal is still cyclostationary at the receiver but with different cycle frequencies and cyclic features. Moreover, the transmitted and received signals are not jointly cyclostationary but, rather, jointly spectrally correlated. The implications of this statistical characterization on synchronization and parameter estimation problems are discussed.


Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Observation Interval Global Position System Satellite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Borre K, Akos DM, Bertelsen N, Rinder P, Jensen SH (2007) A software-defined GPS and galileo receiver. Birkhauser, BostonzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Gardner WA, Spooner CM (1994) The cumulant theory of cyclostationary time-series, part I: foundation. IEEE Trans Signal Process 42:3387–3408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gardner WA, Napolitano A, Paura L (2006) Cyclostationarity: half a century of research. Signal Process 86(4):639–697CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Gel’fand IM, Vilenkin NY (1964) Generalized functions, applications of harmonic analysis, vol 4. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. GPS Directorate (2013) Interface Specification IS GPS 200, Navstar GPS Space Segment/Navigation User Interfaces (IS GPS 200G). Global Positioning Systems Directorate, Systems Engineering and IntegrationGoogle Scholar
  6. GPS Wing (2010) Navstar GPS Space Segment/Navigation User Interfaces (IS GPS 200E). GPS Wing (GPSW), Space & Missiles Center (SMC)—GPSW LAAFBGoogle Scholar
  7. Kaplan E, Hegarthy CJ (2006) Understanding GPS—principles and applications, 2nd edn. Artech House, BostonGoogle Scholar
  8. Maral G, Bousquet M (2009) Satellite communications systems—systems, techniques and technologies, 5th edn. Wiley, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Napolitano A (2012) Generalizations of cyclostationary signal processing: spectral analysis and applications. Wiley–IEEE Press, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  10. Napolitano A, Perna I (2013a) Cyclic spectral analysis of the GPS signal. submitted to Digital Signal ProcessingGoogle Scholar
  11. Napolitano A, Perna I (2013b) On synchronization of Doppler-stretched GPS signals. In: 21st European signal processing conference (EUSIPCO 2013). Marrakech, MoroccoGoogle Scholar
  12. Pi Y, Huang P (2010) Research on novel structure of GPS signal acquisition based on software receiver. In: International symposium on intelligent signal processing and communication systems (ISPACS)Google Scholar
  13. Qaisar SU, Dempster AG (2011) Cross-correlation performance assessment of global positioning system (GPS) L1 and L2 civil codes for signal acquisition. IET Radar Sonar Navig 5(3):195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schreier PJ, Scharf LL (2003) Second-order analysis of improper complex random vectors and processes. IEEE Trans Signal Process 51(3):714–725CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  15. Seco-Granados G, Lopez-Salcedo J, Jimenez-Banos D, Lopez-Risueno G (2012) Challenges in indoor global navigation satellite systems: Unveiling its core features in signal processing. IEEE Signal Process Mag 29(2):108–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tsui JBY (2000) Fundamentals of global positioning system receivers. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Van Trees HL (1971) Detection, estimation, and modulation theory, Part III. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Napoli “Parthenope”Department of EngineeringNapoliItaly

Personalised recommendations