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Plasma-Fuel Systems for Environment Enhancement and Processing Efficiency Increasing

  • V. E. Messerle
  • A. B. UstimenkoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 307)

Abstract

Plasma-fuel systems for thermochemical treatment for combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, hydrogenation, radiation-plasma, and complex conversion of solid fuels, including uranium-containing slate coal, and cracking of hydrocarbon gases, are presented. The use of these plasma technologies for obtaining target products (hydrogen, hydrocarbon black, hydrocarbon gases, synthesis gas, and valuable components of the coal mineral mass) meet the modern environment and economic requirements. Plasma coal conversion technologies are characterized by a small time of reagents retention in the plasma reactor and a high rate of the original substances conversion to the target products without catalysts. Thermochemical treatment of fuel for combustion is performed in a plasma-fuel system, representing a reaction chamber with a plasma generator, while other plasma fuel conversion technologies are performed in a combined plasma reactor of 100 kW nominal power, in which the area of heat release from the electric arc is combined with the area of chemical reactions.

Keywords

Fuel Processing Plasma generator Conversion efficiency Environment 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Combustion Problems InstituteAlmatyKazakhstan
  2. 2.Institute of Thermophysics of Russian Academy of ScienceNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Research Institute of Experimental and Theoretical PhysicsAl-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan

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