Ubiquitous Compaction Monitoring Interface for Soil Compactor: A Web Based Approach

  • R. PrakashEmail author
  • K. Suresh
  • S. Mydhile Shanmugam
  • C. P. Koushik
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 284)


Pervasive computing provides an attractive vision for the future. Mobile and stationary devices will dynamically connected and coordinate to seamlessly help people to implement their tasks. However, in reality still there are practices without pervasive monitoring especially in the domain of geo vehicle monitoring. To make the vision of pervasive computing technologies become a constant adaptable to a highly dynamic computing environment we are integrating technologies like GPS (Global Positioning Technology), GSM (Global System for Mobile) and Web services for remote compaction monitoring. GPS is recently being used for wide applications like orbit identification and positioning. GPS need some compatible receivers which support location-awareness using positioning technique like LBS (Location Based System). Soil compaction is a form of physical degradation resulting in densification and distortion of the soil where biological activity, porosity and permeability were reduced, soil strength is increased and soil structure partly destroyed. Monitoring the soil compaction manually in the workspace is not reliable and could not monitor continuously by a single person. This would be the motivation to choose wireless communication. The compaction data and the location data will be sent to the server for remote monitoring. GSM will allow us to transmit the data to the remote server. The objective of this paper is to provide better accuracy with low cost GPS receiver’s positioning results. This paper makes use of GPS, ARM7/TDMI (LPC2378) family and GSM. NMEA (National Marine Electronics Association) data acquisition from GPS is monitored. Compaction input is interfaced with GPS co-ordinates. Alerts can be sent from the vehicle to the user mobile phone through GSM communication using AT commands. The remote server should be capable of accepting multiple connections at the same time.


Soil Compaction Short Message Service Remote Monitoring Pervasive Computing Remote Server 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Accugrade Compaction, GPS Mapping and Measurement for Soil Compactors, (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    GSM Technical Specification, GSM 11.11, Dec 1995, version 5.0.0Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    GSM Technical Specification, Vi Microsystems Pvt. Ltd, Rev. 4, 26 July 2012Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Soil Mechanics & Foundation Lecture 3.3 pp. 10, Available at
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    J. Hwang, H. Yun, J. Kim, Y. Suh, S. Hong, D. Lee, Development of Soil Compaction Analysis Software (SCAN) Integrating a Low Cost GPS Receiver and Compactometer. Available at, ISSN 1424-8220, Sensor 2012, pp. 2352–2353
  8. 8.
    A. Khan, R. Mishra, GPS – GSM based tracking system. Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol. 3(2) (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Krishna Kishore et al., Vehicle tracking using a reliable embedded data acquisition system with GPS and GSM. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Netw. Secur. (IJCSNS) 2 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Kulkarni, GSM based automatic meter reading system using ARM controller. Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Adv. Eng. 2 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Lita et al., A New Approach of Automobile Localization System Using GPS and GSM/GPRS Transmission, 1-4244-0551-3/06 ©2006 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Nakajima, Architecture of Dynamically Adaptive PHP-Based Web Applications, ISBN:1530-1362/11 ©2011 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Prakash, K. Suresh, B. Venkatalakshmi, S. Vijayakumar, Development of pervasive compaction monitoring interface for soil compactor – a GPS/GSM based approach, in International Conference on Recent Trends in Information Technology, MIT, Anna University,Chennai, India, ISBN:978-1-4799-1024-3/13 ©2013 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M.K. Rainer, TransVib 2002 – International Conference on Vibratory Pile Driving and Deep Soil Compaction, Louvain-la-Neuve. Keynote Lecture (2002), pp. 33–42Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D.J. White, Field evaluation of compaction monitoring technology. Partnership for Geotechnical Advancement, Iowa State University, Mar 2006, pp. 1–4. Available at

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Prakash
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Suresh
    • 1
  • S. Mydhile Shanmugam
    • 1
  • C. P. Koushik
    • 1
  1. 1.P.G. StudentsVelammal Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations