A Modern Approach to Aerosol Studies Over the Baltic Sea

  • A. Strzalkowska
  • P. Makuch
  • O. Zawadzka
  • P. Pakszys
Chapter
Part of the GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)

Abstract

Aerosols measured in coastal areas are significantly different from those over an open sea, both in terms of structure and physical properties. The aerosol composition and concentrations are generally uniform in the open sea area. In the case of coastal areas, the composition may be changed within a short period of time. Aerosols in coastal zone can be divided into three groups: the sea, a mixture of continental and maritime, and continental. This chapter describes the most representative day of a research campaign designed to characterize the optical properties of aerosols in the Baltic Sea (open sea and coastal areas). During the campaign, simultaneous measurements of aerosol optical depth were carried out at four stations around the Baltic Sea—Bornholm, Sopot, Preila and Liepaja, using the hand-held Microtops II sun photometers. The studies were supplemented with satellite data (MODIS) and the analysis of air mass back-trajectories at various altitudes and wind fields. Measurements were performed at four stations. Simultaneous measurements at these stations with use of Microtops sun photometer can provide important information on the aerosol optical depth (AOD) and hence on the radiation balance. Data obtained with Microtops complement well with those obtained from MODIS. Using wind field profiles we possibly detected sea surface impact on aerosol concentrations in Bornholm, where on 3 August 2011 the AOD was significantly greater, along with a strong onshore winds.

Keywords

Aerosol Baltic Microtops MODIS AERONET MAN 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research has been made within the framework of the NASA/AERONET Program and the support for this study was provided by the project Satellite Monitoring of the Baltic Sea Environment—SatBałtyk founded by European Union through European Regional Development Fund contract No. POIG 01.01.02-22-011/09. It has also been made within the framework of the NASA/AERONET Program.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Strzalkowska
    • 1
  • P. Makuch
    • 1
  • O. Zawadzka
    • 2
  • P. Pakszys
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  2. 2.University of WarsawWarsaw Poland

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