English as a Means of Communication by Non-native Speakers

  • Agata Klimczak-PawlakEmail author
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)


English is no longer spoken only in Great Britain, North America, Australia and New Zealand and it is no longer easy to navigate the politics and ownership of this language. With the spread of English for political reasons, English has claimed much of the entertainment as well as science and scholarly fields. English is now one of those languages which one has got to know in order to be able to function actively in today’s world—be it for travel purposes, for work, for access to information or entertainment. With English being so omnipresent it is obvious that different forms/varieties develop, and indeed there has not been to date another lingua franca which has been so painstakingly examined with its main varieties thoroughly investigated and codified (Modiano 1999).


European Union Native Speaker Language Policy English Language Teaching Intercultural Communication 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of English StudiesUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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