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Interpreting Memorial Landscapes of Occupation and Liberation

  • Gillian CarrEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA, volume 40)

Abstract

Throughout Europe, towns and cities that have been affected by war have erected increasing numbers of memorials and monuments for a variety of victim or victor groups. But how should we understand or ‘read’ the resulting narratives that emerge? Memorialisation of the Occupation years is a phenomenon which began in earnest in the mid-1980s in the Channel Islands and has since resulted in a plethora of memorials scattered over the streets of the capital towns of Jersey, Guernsey and Alderney. A veritable landscape of memorials has emerged over the last 30 years. The multiple aspects of memorials in any one landscape can inter-relate in a variety of different ways that allows them to be read as a narrative. This chapter formalises and explores this complex interplay within the concept of the ‘memorialscape’, paying attention to aspects such as memorial biographies, texts, location, marginality, intervisibility and unveiler. When brought together, these features can be surprisingly revealing about both the dominant war narrative and the groups who dare to challenge it, and the changing attitudes towards the Occupation and the occupiers.

Keywords

Occupation Liberation Holocaust Memorial Day Intervisibility Marginality Memorialscape Liberation monument Grass-roots memorial Sir Philip Bailhache Joe Mière Marie Ozanne Authorised heritage discourse ‘Carey effect’ Alderney 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Catharine’s CollegeCambridgeUK

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