Use of Renewable Energy Systems in Smart Cities

  • Alvaro Sanchez-MirallesEmail author
  • Christian Calvillo
  • Francisco Martín
  • José Villar
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Renewable energy sources (RES) used in small-scale distributed generation systems are a promising alternative for additional energy supply toward smarter and more sustainable cities. However, their proper integration as new infrastructures of the smart city (SMCT) requires understanding the SMCT architecture and promoting changes to the existing regulation, business models, and power grid topology and operation, constituting a new challenging energy supply paradigm. This chapter addresses the use of renewable energy systems on small scale, oriented to distributed generation (DG) for households or districts, integrated in an SMCT. In this context, the main renewable energies and companion technologies are reviewed, and their profitability investigated to highlight their current economic feasibility. A simplified architecture for SMCT development is presented, consisting of three interconnected layers, the intelligence layer, the communication layer, and the infrastructure layer. The integration and impact of distributed renewable energy generation and storage technologies in this architecture is analyzed. Special attention is paid to the grid topology for their technical and efficient integration, and to the business models for facilitating their economic integration and feasibility.


Renewable Energy Source Distribute Generation Heat Pump Smart Grid Smart City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alvaro Sanchez-Miralles
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Calvillo
    • 1
  • Francisco Martín
    • 1
  • José Villar
    • 1
  1. 1.Comillas Pontifical University, Institute for Research in TechnologyMadridSpain

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