Advertisement

Focus Group Evaluation of Scenarios for Fall Risk Assessment and Fall Prevention in Two Countries

  • Heidi Similä
  • Milla Immonen
  • Carlos García Gordillo
  • Tuula Petäkoski-Hult
  • Patrik Eklund
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8277)

Abstract

Information and communication technologies (ICT) provide means for developing new tools for preventing falls. To enhance adherence to fall prevention interventions, end users need to be engaged from the early phases of the development process. This paper reports the focus group evaluation of five scenarios related to fall risk assessment and fall prevention. There were four focus groups with older adults in both Finland and Spain; 58 participants in all. The most interesting features for the interviewees were usage of intelligent gym equipment, the possibility of peer support and multi-factorial fall risk assessment. The scenario with intelligent gym equipment rose above the others among Finnish participants, while the scenarios were ranked more evenly by Spanish correspondents. The analysis showed that a personal history of falls and a connection to current habits and routines affected the reception of the proposed solutions.

Keywords

fall risk fall prevention older adults ambient assisted living 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lord, S.R., Sherrington, C., Menz, H.B.: Falls in older people: Risk factors and strategies for prevention. Cambridge Univ. Press (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    WHO Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age. World Health Organization, France (2007) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berg, K.O., Wood-Dauphinee, S.L., Williams, J.I., Gayton, D.: Measuring balance in elderly: preliminary development of an instrument. Physiotherapy Canada 41, 304–311 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lord, S.R., Menz, H.B., Tiedemann, A.: A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention. Phys. Ther. 83, 237–252 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Downton, J.H.: Falls in the elderly, pp. 128–130. Edward Arnold, London (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gillespie, L.D., Gillespie, W.J., Robertson, M.C., Lamb, S.E., Cumming, R.G., Rowe, B.H.: Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) (2003); Re-published online with edits: 21 January 2009 in Issue 1 (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rubenstein, L.Z.: Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention. Age Ageing 35, 37–41 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Merom, D., Pye, V., Macniven, R., van der Ploeg, H., Milat, A., Sherrington, C., Lord, S., Bauman, A.: Prevalence and correlates of participation in fall prevention exercise/physical activity by older adults. Prev. Med. 55, 613–617 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schutzer, K.A., Sue Graves, B.: Barriers and motivations to exercise in older adults. Prev. Med. 39, 1056–1061 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ikonen, V., Niemelä, M., Kaasinen, E.: Scenario-based design of ambient intelligence. In: Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. UCS, Seoul, Korea, pp. 57–72 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kenttä, O., Merilahti, J., Petäkoski-Hult, T., Ikonen, V., Korhonen, I.: Evaluation of technology-based service scenarios for supporting independent living. In: Proc. 29th Ann. Int. Conf. IEEE EMBS, Lyon, France, pp. 4041–4044 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Altman, D.G.: Practical Statistics for Medical Research. Chapman & Hall (1991)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stevens, J.A., Noonan, R.K., Rubenstein, L.Z.: Older adult fall prevention: perceptions, beliefs, and behaviours. Am. J. Lifestyle Med. 4, 16–20 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heidi Similä
    • 1
  • Milla Immonen
    • 1
  • Carlos García Gordillo
    • 2
  • Tuula Petäkoski-Hult
    • 1
  • Patrik Eklund
    • 3
  1. 1.VTT Technical Research Centre of FinlandFinland
  2. 2.CGG ManagementSpain
  3. 3.Umeå UniversitySweden

Personalised recommendations