Structural and Optical Studies of Sol-Gel Deposited Nanostructured ZnO Thin Films: Annealing Effect

  • Sanjeev Kumar
  • Fouran Singh
  • A. Kapoor
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films were deposited by sol–gel spin coating method on the glass substrate and then the film was annealed at 350, 450, 550 °C for 1 h. Effect of annealing temperature on the structural and optical properties of the film was investigated. Annealed ZnO thin films are polycrystalline with (002) preferential orientation. The information on Crystalline size is obtained from the full width-at half- maximum (FWHM) of the diffraction peaks. The surface morphology of the films was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Surface roughness was found minimum (8.4 nm) for ZnO sample annealed at 450 °C. The maximum transmittance of 87 % is observed for the film annealed at 450 °C. The optical band gap value decreased and crystalline size increased with increasing the annealing temperatures.


ZnO thin films Sol-gel Annealing temperature X-ray diffraction UV-spectrometer 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronic ScienceUniversity of Delhi South CampusNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Materials Science GroupInter University Accelerator CentreNew DelhiIndia

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