Electrical Characterization of n-ZnO Nanowires/p-Si Based Heterojunction Diodes

  • Divya Somvanshi
  • S. Jit
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


We report electrical characteristics of n-ZnO NWs/p-Si based heterojunctions diode fabricated by oxidation of thermally deposited metallic Zn on Al:ZnO coated p-Si substrates. The surface morphology of ZnO NWs has been investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The carrier donor concentration of the ZnO NW films and barrier height of the heterojunction diode estimated from the CV characteristics are 1.54 × 1015 cm−3 and 0.75 eV respectively. The estimated values of the barrier height and ideality factor from room temperature IV characteristic are 0.73 eV and 2.13 respectively. As obtained value of barrier height from CV characteristic is a bit higher then IV characteristic, indicates presence of barrier inhomogeneity at the n-ZnONWs/p-Si interfaces. Furthermore, the value of series resistance \( \left( {{\text{R}}_{\text{s}} } \right) \) has also been determined from forward bias I–V characteristics using Chueng’s function


ZnO NW Heterojunction diode Barrier height Series resistance 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Research in Microelectronics (CRME), Department of Electronics EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)VaranasiIndia

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