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A Hybrid Robust Image Watermarking Scheme Using Integer Wavelet Transform, Singular Value Decomposition and Arnold Transform

  • Nasrin M. Makbol
  • Bee Ee Khoo
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8237)

Abstract

This paper presents new hybrid robust digital image watermarking scheme based on Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT), Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Arnold Transform (AT). The scheme employed the properties of those transforms to achieve the watermarking requirements (robustness, imperceptibility and security). The property of IWT which map integer to integer offers a high robustness and a good imperceptibility. The good stability and the descending order of singular values of S of SVD transform also contributed significantly in robustness and imperceptibility. Finally the scheme which applied scrambling of watermark by AT enhanced the security aspect of the scheme. The experimental results showed that the proposed scheme achieved good imperceptibility and high resistance against geometrical and non-geometrical attacks and outperformed some state of the art schemes.

Keywords

digital image watermarking integer wavelet transform singular value decomposition arnold transform 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasrin M. Makbol
    • 1
  • Bee Ee Khoo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

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