The early war years
In the short time from Thaddeus Lowe’s balloon flights during the Civil War to World War I, an interval of a little over 50 years, there were scores of aviation firsts. This was true for aircraft as well as balloons. It was the period of Otto Lilienthal, the Wright brothers, the European meteorologists, and the first fighter pilots. It also included the first women glider and aircraft pilots. Pilots learned how to shoot and bomb from their aircraft. There was global interest in anything that flew. The interests had turned from scientific curiosity to military applications.