Environment of the Study Area

Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)


An agricultural system can be viewed as a unit ecosystem, the study of which requires a thorough understanding of the physical, social, political, and economic background. This chapter, therefore, contains baseline information about the study area regarding the existing status of some key environmental elements, including topography, geology, climate, soil, drainage, demography, tenure culture, etc., which can all make a difference. To start with, the chapter introduces the area in terms of location, size, and administrative affiliation. It details the relief and lithology (as they are crucial in aquifer discharge and recharge potential), and discusses soil and climatic characteristics (which have critical bearings upon the agricultural system). Further, the farming society has been introduced for its demographic features, socio-economic status, and political organization.


Balochistan Pishin Valley Location Climate Population 


  1. Agriculture Census Report (2000) Statistics Division, Government of Balochistan, QuettaGoogle Scholar
  2. IUCN (2006) Water requirements of major crops for different agro-climatic zones of Balochistan. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) Pakistan, Water Programme. Available at:, 20 July 2013
  3. Population Census Organisation (1998) Population Census Report, PakistanGoogle Scholar
  4. WAPDA (1993) Groundwater levels during 1976–93 in Pishin Sub-Basin, Basic Data release no. 4, Hydrogeology project. WAPDA, Balochistan (unpublished)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of BalochistanQuettaPakistan

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