Conceptual Framework and Literature Review

Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)


While ‘conceptual framework’ means a researcher’s own perceptions about the scope and structure of a problem, the literature review provides others’ ideas and work in areas close to that under study. With such a philosophy in mind, this chapter first constructs the author’s own thinking as to how the problem in question has originated, disseminated, and evolved; and how it can be resolved for sustainability if turned around. It also draws support from other like-minded models proposed in the fields of sustainable development. Next, the literature review thoroughly, but not exhaustively, scans the depth and breadth of the existing body of knowledge in the areas of sustainable agriculture, irrigation, and water resources, especially groundwater management. This chapter serves to elucidate the concept of sustainable development. It indicates the measurable indicators of sustainability in agriculture and irrigation systems, thus paving the way for designing the data tools at a subsequent stage. With the intention of giving due proportionate space to every significant prong of the aqua-agro issue, the whole conceptual discussion is organized under three sub-topics: (1) the general concepts of sustainability and sustainable development; (2) the focused area of sustainable agricultural development; and (3) the sustainable use of groundwater as an irrigation resource. To highlight the gap in indigenous research literature, the literature review is also organized in two levels of literature: international and national.


Sustainability Sustainable development Groundwater management Over-exploitation Efficient irrigation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of BalochistanQuettaPakistan

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