Excursus: EU Fundamental Rights in EU Gambling Law

  • Simon Planzer
Part of the Studies in European Economic Law and Regulation book series (SEELR, volume 1)


EU fundamental rights have so far not been dealt with in the gambling jurisprudence; this chapter discusses their potential role. It starts by presenting the development of EU fundamental rights in the case law and the drafting of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The chapter then identifies the relevant fundamental rights. Gambling activities can fall under the ambit of the freedom to conduct a business (Article 16), the freedom to choose an occupation and the right to engage in work (Article 15) as well the freedom of expression and information (Article 11) in relation to advertising. With regard to the rights’ interpretation and their level of protection, the Charter of Fundamental Rights contains guiding principles, which are discussed.

Importantly, the relationship between EU fundamental rights and EU fundamental freedoms is clarified. Where both ‘rights’ and ‘freedoms’ are applicable, a twofold test applies: Are there measures available that would be less restrictive of both intra-Union trade and EU fundamental rights? Additionally, restrictions must respect the essence of fundamental rights (‘Kerngehalt’).

Finally, the last section examines whether the legal situation changed with the Lisbon Treaty, in particular regarding the scope of application. Prior to that treaty, the Court had expanded the scope in the judgments ERT and Familiapress to include facts that ‘fall within the scope of Community law’. At first sight, the Charter seems to re-diminish the scope as it applies to ‘the Member States only when they are implementing Union law’. However, a thorough analysis of the ‘travaux préparatoires’ illustrates that the situation is much more ambiguous.


Member State Advocate General Fundamental Freedom Lisbon Treaty Constitutional Court 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Planzer
    • 1
  1. 1.Lecturer in LawUniversity of St.Gallen HSGSt.GallenSwitzerland

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