• Rogelio Daniel AcevedoEmail author
  • Maximiliano C. L. Rocca
  • Víctor Manuel García
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)


Only two meteorites have been known until at 11:40 local time (16:40 GMT) on September 15, 2007, a chondrite smashed close to the village of Carancas in the Puno Region, near Lake Titicaca on the border with Bolivia (Fig. 9.1). The phenomenon created a small crater larger than 4.5 m (15 ft) deep, and 13 m (44 ft) wide, with visible burned mud ejected all around the impact site. This was a very unusual impact event leaving a small circular structure, showing a very powerful shock wave which hit a large area around the collision site and producing a blast syndrome over people.


Shock Wave Local Time Community College Brownish Color Natural History Museum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Connolly HC Jr, Zipfel J, Folco L, Smith C, Jones R, Benedix G, Righter K, Yamaguchi A, Chennaoui Aoudjehane H, Grossman JN (2007) The meteoritical bulletin, No. 91, 2007 March. Meteorit Planet Sci 42(3):413–466Google Scholar
  2. Connolly HC Jr, Smith C, Benedix G, Folco L, Righter K, Zipfel J, Yamaguchi A, Chennaoui Aoudjehane H (2008) The meteoritical bulletin, No. 93, 2008 March. Meteorit Planet Sci 43(3):571–632Google Scholar
  3. Harris RS, Schultz PH, Tancredi G, Ishitsuka J (2008) Preliminary petrologic analysis of impact deformation in the carancas (Perú) cratering event. In: 39th lunar and planetary science conference, (lunar and planetary science XXXIX), LPI Contribution No.1391:2446. League City, TexasGoogle Scholar
  4. Núñez Del Prado H, Pari W, Ramírez-Cardona M, Macharé J, Macedo L (2008) Reconstruction of an impact event in carancas, Southern Perú, from a GPR study on a small crater. In:Paper presented at 71st annual meeting of the meteoritical society, Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, Matsue 43:5269Google Scholar
  5. Le Pichon A, Antier K, Cansi Y, Hernandez B, Minaya E, Burgoa B, Drob D, Evers LG, Vaubaillon J (2008) Evidence for a meteoritic origin of the september 15, 2007,carancas crater. Meteorit Planet Sci 43(11):1797–1809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Rosales D, Vidal E, Ishitsuka J, Benavente S (2008) Geomagnetic study of carancas meteorite and its crater. In: 39th lunar and planetary science conference, (lunar and planetary science XXXIX), LPI Contribution No. 1391:1744 League City, TexasGoogle Scholar
  7. Schultz PH, Harris RS, Tancredi G, Ishitsuka J (2008) Implications of the carancas meteorite impact. In: 39th lunar and planetary science conference, (lunar and planetary science XXXIX), LPI Contribution No. 1391:2409 League City, TexasGoogle Scholar
  8. Schwenzer SP, Zipfel J (2007) Cerro La Tiza, Klassification of the H4 chondrite in the meteoritical bulletin, 92. Meteorit Planet Sci 42:1663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Tancredi G, Ishitsuka J, Schultz P, Harris RS, Brown P, Revelle D, Antier K, Le Pichon A, Rosales D, Vidal E, Pavel D, Dalmau A, Benavente S, Miranda P, Pereira G, Varela ME, Sánchez L (2008) The carancas crater and meteorite fall: the first recorded impact on earth. Asteroids, Comets, Meteors, LPI Contribution No. 1405: 8260, Baltimore, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  10. Tancredi G, Ishitsuka J, Schultz PH, Harris RS, Brown P, Revelle DO, Antier K, Le Pichon A, Rosales D, Vidal E, Varela ME, Sánchez L, Benavente S, Bojorquez J, Cabezas D, Dalmau A (2009) A meteorite crater on earth formed on september 15, 2007: the carancas hypervelocity impact. Meteorit Planet Sci 44(12):1967–1984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kenkmann T, Artemieva NA, Wünnemann K, Poelchau MH, Elbeshausen D, Núñez Del Prado H (2009) The carancas meteorite impact crater, Perú: geologic surveying and modeling of crater formation and atmospheric passage. Meteorit Planet Sci 44(7):985–1000Google Scholar
  12. Cerón Loayza ML, Bravo Cabrejos JA (2011) Characterization of the carancas-puno meteorite by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffractometry and transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy. Hyperfine Interact 203(1–3):17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kani R, Hann A, Wickramasinghe C, Di Gregorio BE (2011) Microstructural investigation of the carancas meteorite. Int J Astrobiol 10(2):105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Munayco P, Munayco J, Varela ME, Scorzelli RB (2013) The new peruvian meteorite carancas: mössbauer spectroscopy and X-Ray diffraction studies. Earth Moon Planet 110(1–2):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Freyre Villafañe A (1950) Meteorito de Tambo Quemado. Boletín del Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Fomento Mineros, Año 1, no. 1: 141–143, Lima, PerúGoogle Scholar
  16. The Permanent Commission on Meteorites of the International Geological Congress (1958a) Meteorites not included in the prior-hey catalogue of meteorites 1953, The meteoritical bulletin, 8:1–10, Moscow, URSSGoogle Scholar
  17. Olsen E, Hutcheon I, Moore C (1993) Tambo quemado: extraordinary concentrations of REE and refractory trace elements caused by artificial heating. In: abstracts of the 24th lunar and planetary science conference, No.1103, Houston, TexasGoogle Scholar
  18. Cilz M, Horejsi M (1998) The tambo quemado octahedrite from Perú. Meteorite 4:13Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rogelio Daniel Acevedo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maximiliano C. L. Rocca
    • 2
  • Víctor Manuel García
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro Austral de Investigaciones CientíficasTierra del FuegoArgentina
  2. 2.The Planetary SocietyCiudad de Buenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations