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Stable Isotope Tools for Tracking In Situ Degradation Processes of Military Energetic Compounds

  • Anat Bernstein
  • Faina Gelman
  • Zeev RonenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Military energetic compounds are common environmental pollutants, contaminating soils and water worldwide. In situ microbial degradation of these compounds may be a positive process that reduces their concentration in the environment without any active human involvement. Nevertheless, assessing the extent of biodegradation processes in situ is challenging, and often cannot be achieved with satisfactory sensitivity using conventional methods. Isotope methods, on the other hand, may be a suitable alternative for assessing these processes. This chapter will focus on the application of compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) to study the fate of military energetic compounds in the subsurface, focusing on nitroaromatics, nitramines, and perchlorate. CSIA can also be used to provide an intrinsic mechanistic understanding of the transformation reactions of such compounds and this aspect will be described as well.

Keywords

Enrichment Factor Reactive Position Natural Attenuation Anaerobic Biodegradation Aerobic Denitration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported, in part, by grant 167/2008 from the Israel Science Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Soil, Water and Environmental SciencesAgricultural Research Organization, Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Geological Survey of IsraelJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and MicrobiologyBen-Gurion University of the NegevNegevIsrael

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