Technical Advances in Pediatric Craniovertebral Junction Surgery
- 999 Downloads
Surgery for conditions in the craniovertebral junction in the pediatric population poses unique challenges. The posterior approach has emerged as the gold standard for arthrodesis in this region. Anterior fixation or decompression also may be indicated. Intraoperative image guidance and neurophysiological monitoring improve the safety and efficacy of these procedures. The specific technical advances in surgery of the craniovertebral junction that have improved patient outcomes are reviewed.
KeywordsCraniovertebral junction surgery Pediatrics Arthrodesis Image guidance Neurophysiological monitoring
- 12.Kanavel AB (1919) Bullet locked between atlas and the base of the skull: technique for removal through the mouth. Surg Clin 1:361–6Google Scholar
- 20.Rajasekaran S, Kanna PR, Shetty AP (2012) Safety of cervical pedicle screw insertion in children – a clinico-radiological evaluation of computer assisted insertion of 51 cervical pedicle screws including 28 Sub-axial pedicle screws in sixteen children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:E216–E223CrossRefGoogle Scholar