Technical Advances in Pediatric Craniovertebral Junction Surgery

  • Mark E. Oppenlander
  • James Kalyvas
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
  • Nicholas TheodoreEmail author
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 40)


Surgery for conditions in the craniovertebral junction in the pediatric population poses unique challenges. The posterior approach has emerged as the gold standard for arthrodesis in this region. Anterior fixation or decompression also may be indicated. Intraoperative image guidance and neurophysiological monitoring improve the safety and efficacy of these procedures. The specific technical advances in surgery of the craniovertebral junction that have improved patient outcomes are reviewed.


Craniovertebral junction surgery Pediatrics Arthrodesis Image guidance Neurophysiological monitoring 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark E. Oppenlander
    • 1
  • James Kalyvas
    • 1
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
    • 1
  • Nicholas Theodore
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryBarrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical CenterPhoenixUSA

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