Pediatric Craniovertebral Junction Trauma

  • Mark E. Oppenlander
  • Justin C. Clark
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
  • Nicholas TheodoreEmail author
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 40)


The craniovertebral junction consists of the occiput, atlas, and axis, along with their strong ligamentous attachments. Because of its unique anatomical considerations, trauma to the craniovertebral junction requires specialized care. Children with potential injuries to the craniovertebral junction and cervical spinal cord demand specific considerations compared to adult patients. Prehospital immobilization techniques, diagnostic studies, and spinal injury patterns among young children can be different from those in adults. This review highlights the unique aspects in diagnosis and management of children with real or potential craniovertebral junction injuries.


Craniovertebral junction trauma Pediatrics 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark E. Oppenlander
    • 1
  • Justin C. Clark
    • 1
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
    • 1
  • Nicholas Theodore
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryBarrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical CenterPhoenixUSA

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