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Summary

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Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

Growing interest for biomass valorization approaches in the recent years has led to an increase of research related to the application of gold catalysts in the transformation of biomass-derived compounds. Gold catalysts have demonstrated outstanding performance in a number of reactions. Applications of gold as a catalyst have several advantages, such as stability under oxidative atmosphere, high selectivity toward products of partial oxidation and hydrogenation, as well as acetalization and isomerization. Moreover, gold catalysts allow operation at mild and therefore environmentally friendly conditions, using molecular oxygen as an oxidant, lower pressure and temperatures, and in some cases water as a solvent. More efforts should be however devoted to elucidating long-term stability of gold catalysts and in case of deactivation, development of efficient catalyst regeneration methods. Due to a synergetic effect, bimetallic gold catalysts in some cases have higher activity. Thus, addition of such metals, as copper could increase the process profitability.

Keywords

High Activity Lower Pressure Unique Property High Selectivity Molecular Oxygen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction EngineeringÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland
  2. 2.School of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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