The Dawn of Science
Aristotle was the first great scientist. The fact that he was also a great philosopher, the founder of logic, and a great literary critic, need not concern us here. There were, of course, other philosopher-scientists before and during his time, and we shall refer to some of them, as indeed Aristotle does in his own books. But Aristotle is one of the two great scientists of antiquity, the other being Archimedes, whose work defined and guided scientific endeavour for centuries.