• Antonis ModinosEmail author
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


Magnetic phenomena were known to the ancient Greeks since about the 9th century BC. They noticed that a kind of stone (what is presently known as magnetite: Fe3O4) attracts pieces of iron. The word magnetic derives from Magnesia, the name of a Greek region where magnetite was found. And they also knew that a piece of amber, the Greek name of which is ήλεκτρον (electron), when rubbed could attract such things as straw and feather. In the same way that sometimes a comb gets electrified when run though somebody’s hair and then can attract small pieces of paper. But not much was done in the way of investigating these phenomena.


Magnetic Field Magnetic Flux Field Line Electrostatic Field Magnetic Field Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emeritus Professor of PhysicsNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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