Design Principles for Spatio-Temporally Enabled PIM Tools: A Qualitative Analysis of Trip Planning

  • Amin AbdallaEmail author
  • Paul Weiser
  • Andrew U. Frank
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Current personal information management (PIM) tools do not sufficiently recognize the spatio-temporal, hierarchical, or conceptual relations of tasks that constitute our plans. Using behavioral observation methods we analyzed people planning a trip to attend a conference taking place in a region they had little or no prior familiarity with. The resulting open-ended records were coded into higher-level segments and categories. These served as a basis for a cognitive engineering approach, to propose better design principles for spatio-temporally enabled PIM-tools.


Planning Process Prospective Memory Goal State Trip Planning Task Description 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank Dan Montello from the University of California, Santa Barbara for his thought-provoking comments and helpful advice during his visit at our institute.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, Research Group GeoinformationVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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