Advertisement

A Short Introduction to Laser Physics

Chapter
  • 2k Downloads
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)

Abstract

In this chapter, we start by reviewing Einstein’s derivation of Planck’s radiation law, whereby the Einstein coefficients for stimulated and spontaneous radiative processes are introduced. Generalizing to the case of non-equilibrium, conditions for laser activity are derived. After a brief discussion of possible realizations of the laser principle, we discuss the generation of short laser pulses by the superposition of a fundamental and side-band frequencies. The carrier envelope phase is then discussed as well as the characterization of laser pulses by windowed Fourier transforms that concludes this chapter.

Keywords

Spontaneous Emission Photon Number Free Electron Laser Frequency Comb Carrier Envelope Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    H. Haken, Licht und Materie, Bd. 1: Elemente der Quantenoptik (BI Wissenschaftsverlag, Mannheim, 1989) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Haken, Licht und Materie, Bd. 2: Laser (BI Wissenschaftsverlag, Mannheim, 1994) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Shimoda, Introduction to Laser Physics (Springer, Berlin, 1984) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.P. Gordon, H.J. Zeiger, C.H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 95, 282 (1954) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T.H. Maiman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 564 (1960) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer, Berlin, 1996) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Westermann, Laser (Teubner, Leipzig, 1976) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, T. Baumert, in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, ed. by F. Träger (Springer, Berlin, 2007), Chap. 12, pp. 937–983 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D.H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 24, 631 (1999) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Trebino, Frequency Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Hirai, E.J. Heller, P. Gaspard, J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5970 (1995) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.W. Gardiner, P. Zoller, Quantum Noise, 3rd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2004) zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany

Personalised recommendations