Advertisement

Introduction

  • Marcelo S. de la Fuente
  • Juliana Sterli
  • Ignacio Maniel
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

The continental chelonian fauna of South America is integrated by almost 46 extant species assigned to seven different clades (Emydidae, Geoemydidae, Chelydridae, Kinosternidae, Testudinidae, Chelidae, and Podocnemididae) and 48 extinct species referred to ten different clades (Emydidae, Trionychidae, Testudinidae, Chelidae, Podocnemididae, Podocnemidinura, Bothremydidae, Meiolaniformes, Platychelyidae, and Australochelyidae). The chelonian fauna of South America has been exposed to multiple and different processes since the Late Triassic (e.g., origin, dispersion, vicariance, and extinction) that shaped their modern distribution in the continent. The fossil record of turtles shows a different timing in the integration of each clade to South America.

Keywords

Testudinata Mesozoic Cenozoic South America Evolution Systematic Biogeography 

References

  1. Ameghino F (1899) Sinopsis geológica paleontológica. Suplemento (adiciones y correcciones). Censo Nacional:1–13. La Plata.Google Scholar
  2. Auffenberg W (1971) A new fossil tortoise, with remarks on the origin of South American Testudinines. Copeia 1:106–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cadena E, Gaffney ES (2005) Notoemys zapatocaensis, a new side-necked turtle (Pleurodura: Platychelyidae) from the Early Cretaceous of Colombia. Am Mus Novit 3470:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cattoi N, Freiberg M (1961) Nuevo hallazgo de Chelonia extinguidos en la República Argentina. Physis 22:202, Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  5. de Broin F (1987) The Late Cretaceous Fauna of Los Alamitos, Patagonia, Argentina. Part IV, Chelonia. Revista Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’. Paleontología 3:131–139Google Scholar
  6. de Broin F (1988) Les Tortues et le Gondwana. Examen des rapport entre le fractionemment du Gondwana et la dispersión géographique des tortues pleurodires àpartir de Crétacé. Stud Geol Salmant Studia Palaeochel 2:103–142Google Scholar
  7. de Broin F, de la Fuente MS (1993) Les tortues fossiles d’Argentine: synthèse. Ann Paléontol 79:169–232Google Scholar
  8. de la Fuente MS (1988) La tortugas Chelidae (Pleurodira) y Testudinidae (Cryptodira) del Cenozoico argentinos. Doctoral dissertation, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  9. de la Fuente MS (1997) Las tortugas pleistocenas del extremo meridional de la provinciade Santa Fé, Argentina. Stud Geol Salmant 33:67–90Google Scholar
  10. de la Fuente MS, Noriega JI, Piña CI (2002) Trachemys dorbigni (Duméril y Bibron, 1835) (Cryptodira: Emydidae) en el Pleistoceno tardío de la provincia de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Cuad Herpetol 16:65–72Google Scholar
  11. Fritz U, Stuckas H, Vargas-Ramírez M, Hundsdörfer AK, Maran J, Päckert M (2012) Molecular phylogeny of Central and South American slider turtles: implications for biogeography and systematics (Testudines: Emydidae: Trachemys). J Zool Syst Evol Res 50:125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gaffney ES, Rich TH, Vickers-Rich P, Constantine A, Vacca R, Kool L (2007) Chubutemys, a new eucryptodiran turtle from the Early Cretaceous of Argentina, and the relationships of the Meiolaniidae. Am Mus Nov 3599:1–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gerlach J (2001) Tortoise phylogeny and the ‘Geochelone’ problem. Phelsuma 9:1–24Google Scholar
  14. Le M, McCord W (2008) Phylogenetic relationships and biogeographical history of the genus Rhinoclemmys Fitzinger, 1835 and the monophyly of the turtle family Geoemydidae (Testudines: Testudinoidea). Zool J Linn Soc 153:751–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Le M, Raxworthy CJ, McCord WP, Mertz L (2006) A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 40:517–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rougier G, de la Fuente MS, Arcucci A (1995) Late Triassic turtles from South America. Science 268:855–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Seidel ME, Jackson DR (1990) Evolution and fossil relationship of slider turtles. In: Gibbons JW (ed) Life history and ecology of the slider turtle. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  18. Simpson GG (1942) A Miocene tortoise from Patagonia. Am Mus Novit 1209:1–6Google Scholar
  19. Simpson GG (1943) Turtles and the origin of the fauna of Latin America. Am J Sci 241:413–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sterli J (2008) A new, nearly complete stem turtle from the Jurassic of South America with implications for turtle evolution. Biol Lett 4:286–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sterli J, de la Fuente MS (2011) A new turtle from the La Colonia Formation (Campanian–Maastrichtian), Patagonia, Argentina, with remarks on the evolution of the vertebral column in turtles. Palaeontology 54:63–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sterli J, de la Fuente MS (2012) New evidence from the Palaeocene of Patagonia (Argentina) on the evolution and palaeobiogeography of Meiolaniformes (Testudinata, new taxon name). J Syst Palaeont. doi: 10.1080/14772019.2012.708674 Google Scholar
  23. Vanzolini PE (1995) A new species of turtle genus Trachemys from the State of Maranhao, Brazil (Testudines, Emydidae). Rev Brasil Biol 55:111–125Google Scholar
  24. Vanzolini PE, Heyer WR (1985) The American Herpetofauna and the interchange. In: Webb SD, Stheli FG (eds) The Great American biotic interchange. Plenum Press, New York/LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo S. de la Fuente
    • 1
  • Juliana Sterli
    • 2
  • Ignacio Maniel
    • 3
  1. 1.CONICET Museo de Historia Natural de San RafaelSan RafaelArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET Museo Paleontológico Egidio FeruglioTrelewArgentina
  3. 3.CONICET Fundación de Historia Natural Felix de Azara Universidad MaimonidesBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations