Discussion, Policy Implications, Limitations and Directions for Future Research

  • Jon ShaneEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


What can criminal justice learn from a single case study? This study revealed how a person can be misidentified during a police show-up, the failure points during the preliminary investigation that may have facilitated the misidentification and the failure points during the follow-up investigation that may have accelerated the harm (or failed to stop the harm sooner). The study also revealed proof of concept, that the organizational accident framework is well suited for investigating critical police incidents. Approaching accidents through a systems theory of causation can help police managers, supervisors and support staff act with foresight and imagination to identify system failures before they occur leading to a safer work environment. Applying this theory of accidents to police work and replicating the study here can strengthen the theory so that across a range of critical incidents (e.g., use of force, vehicular pursuit, wrongful arrest), patterns of behavior and contributing factors reveal themselves to become predictable and, consequently, generalizable.


Police Officer Police Department Police Agency Police Manager Eyewitness Identification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice AdministrationJohn Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

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