Theoretical Framework

  • Jon ShaneEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


This case is described in terms of James Reason’s organizational accident framework. An organizational accident is a confluence of human, situational and other contextual circumstances that combine and breach established organizational defenses that have been erected to guard against certain hazards, when breached.


Police Officer Active Failure Perceptual Error Inadequate Staffing Community Sentiment 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice AdministrationJohn Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

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