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Correlation of Carotid Artery Pathology and Morphology in Imaging

  • W. S. Kerwin
Chapter
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Abstract

The carotid artery is the dominant imaging target for non-invasive assessment of vessel wall morphology in atherosclerotic disease. In part, this arises from the clinical importance of the carotid artery in stroke prevention. Stroke is the third leading cause of death worldwide [45] and carotid atherosclerosis is thought to be the leading cause of embolic stroke. Additionally, stroke survival, estimated at greater than 75% in the United States [5], results in a massive disability burden costing billions of dollars per year. Surgical revisions of the carotid artery are the most common procedure for any vascular territory outside of the coronary arteries. In the United States alone, some 140,000 carotid endarterectomies are performed annually to remove the diseased neointimal layers of the artery. Clearly, diagnostic procedures affecting the treatment of carotid atherosclerosis can have a profound effect on patient survival, quality of life, and healthcare costs.

Keywords

Carotid Artery Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Plaque Carotid Atherosclerosis Vulnerable Plaque 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. S. Kerwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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