Intracranial Magnetic Resonance and Vascular Imaging in Patients with Extracranial Carotid Stenosis

  • A. D. Mackinnon
  • A. D. Platts
  • D. J. H. McCabe


The majority of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and ischaemic strokes are caused by thromboembolism from a stenosed large extracranial artery or occlusion of a large intracranial artery (atherothrombotic stroke), occlusion of a small intracranial artery (lacunar stroke), or embolism from the heart (cardioembolic stroke) [74]. In the remaining patients, the origin of the infarction is not established by investigation (TIA or ischaemic stroke of indeterminate aetiology), or less common causes for ischaemia or infarction are identified (e.g., sickle cell disease or vasculitis).


Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Stenosis Anterior Cerebral Artery Carotid Artery Stenosis Perfusion Weight Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Mackinnon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. D. Platts
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • D. J. H. McCabe
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySt George’s Hospital (ADM)UK
  2. 2.Department of Neuroradiology (ADP), and University Department of Clinical Neurosciences (DJHMC), Royal Free and University College Medical SchoolRoyal Free HospitalLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Neurology (DJHMC)The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, incorporating the National Children’s HospitalDublinIreland

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