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Gustav Peter Lejeune Dirichlet

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Abstract

Dirichlet was born on February 13, 1805, in Düren, a town midway between Aachen und Cologne, where his father was town postmaster. His grandfather was a textile manufacturer from the nearby French-speaking Belgian town Richelet, so that the origin of the family name Lejeune Dirichlet is easily explained as “Young from Richelet”. His parents provided him with a good education, sending him in 1817 to the Gymnasium in Bonn and two years later to the Jesuit College in Cologne. At the age of sixteen he completed the Abitur. Already during his schooling Dirichlet had developed a passion for mathematics that determined him to study this domain at the university. But since, at that time, the level of teaching at German universities was low, he went to Paris, then the centre of mathematics with such eminent scientists as Fourier, Lacroix, Laplace, Legendre and Poisson. Dirichlet came in closer contact with some of them, in particular his contacts with Fourier became important for his later research. But even more important was his study of Gauss’s Disquisitiones arithmeticae. He was the first to understand this fundamental work in number theory, which he simplified in his later lectures in Berlin, subsequently published by Dedekind.

Keywords

  • Fourier Series
  • Algebraic Number
  • Analytic Number Theory
  • Algebraic Number Field
  • Eminent Scientist

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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  3. Biermann, K.-R., Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Berlin, 1982.

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  5. Minkowski, H., Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet und seine Bedeutung für die heutige Mathematik, Jber. dt. Math.-Verein. 14, 1905.

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  6. Schubring, G., Die Promotion von P.G. Lejeune Dirichlet, Biographische Mitteilungen zum Werdegang Dirichlets, NTM-Schriftenreihe für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 21 (1) (1984), 45–65.

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Koch, H. (1998). Gustav Peter Lejeune Dirichlet. In: Begehr, H., Koch, H., Kramer, J., Schappacher, N., Thiele, EJ. (eds) Mathematics in Berlin. Birkhäuser, Basel. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-8787-8_4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-8787-8_4

  • Publisher Name: Birkhäuser, Basel

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