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Years 1945-1952

  • Victor Ya. Frenkel

Abstract

In the festive month of May, 1945, in Moscow and Leningrad meetings of the anniversary session of the Academy of Sciences were held. Formally they were devoted to the 220th anniversary of the Academy, but every participant regarded them as a celebration of the return to peaceful life and to the normal international scientific relations broken by the war.

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Notes

  1. 1).
    The letter was passed on by Frenkel to the newspaper «Polytechnic» and published there on 3 September 1945.Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    Vestnik vysshey shkoly, 1948, 2–4 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks).Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    This is the sadly famous session of the V.I. Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VASHNIL) where T.D. Lysenko and his sympathizers smashed Soviet genetics.Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    Quoted in a paper by A.S. Sonin, «Priroda», 1990, # 5, p. 96 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    It is appropriate to cite two responses to J.I.’s «Wave Mechanics». The first one is from Richard Feynman and was expressed in a private letter to me and then included, with his permission, in a paper about my father. Here is the testimony of the greatest contemporary theoretician: «May I add that your father’s great books on wave mechanics were a strong and valuable influence on me when I was a student». I heard about the other response just recently. Recalling the year 1941 and his many days’ evacuation way to Ashkhabad, A.D. Sakharov wrote: «We spent ten days in Murom waiting for the train. These days happened somehow to be very fruitful for me scientifically: reading Frenkel’s books on quantum («wave») mechanics and the theory of relativity, I understood a lot all at once.»Google Scholar
  7. 7).
    V.J. Frenkel. «J.I. Frenkel (1894-1952): materials for his scientific biography». Archs. Hist. Exact. Sci., 1974, v. 13, # 1, pp. 1–26.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8).
    A more detailed description of Frenkel’s ideas is given in the Russian edition of my book about J.L Frenkel, pp. 427-429.Google Scholar
  9. 9).
    J.I. Frenkel. Speech in the discussion of a lecture by D.V. Skobel’tsyn. Izv. AN SSSR, ser. flz., 1938, # 1-2, p. 101 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. 10).
    J.I. Frenkel, UFN, v. 33, # 3, p. 295, 1947 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. 11).
    Quoted from: Amer. J. of Phys., v. 19, # 7, 1951.Google Scholar
  12. 12).
    St. Petersburg Division of the AN Archive, record group 953, inventory 1, file 134.Google Scholar
  13. 13).
    K. Seelig. Albert Einstein. Moscow, Atomizdat, 1963, p. 176.Google Scholar
  14. 14).
    In: «J.I. Frenkel. Memoirs. Letters. Documents». Leningrad, Nauka, 1986, p. 53 (in Russian). Probably Grinberg meant the book: O. Schreier und E. Sperner. «Einführung in die Analytische Geometrie und Algebra», Bd. 1 u. 2. Leipzig, Teubner, 1931 (in German).Google Scholar
  15. 15).
    «Die Gruppentheoretische Methode in der Quantenmechanik». Berlin, Springer, 1932 (in German).Google Scholar
  16. 16).
    J.I. Frenkel. Izv. An SSSR, ser. geogr. i geofiz., v. 8, p. 150, 1944 (in Russian). The effect predicted by J.I. in this article is now known as the acoustoelectric effect and is studied intensively both in theory and experiment. The first publication on it is dated 1955.Google Scholar
  17. 17).
    V.V. Bazilevich and K.S. Shifrin. «Works of J.I. Frenkel in geophysics». In: «J.I. Frenkel. Collected Papers», v. II, 1958, p. 515 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. 18).
    Zhournal Tekhnicheskoy Fiziki, v. 20, p. 1927, 1950 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. 19).
  20. 20).
    In 1969 I published the corresponding notes found in my father’s archives: «Cavitation on the surface of a propeller», Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal, 1969, v. 16, # 2, pp. 342-355 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. 21).
    Ya.G. Dorfman. J.I. Frenkel. In: «J.I. Frenkel. Collected Papers», v. 2. AN SSSR, Moscow-Leningrad, 1958, p. 15 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. 22).
    J.I. Frenkel. «Atomic Energy Liberation». AN SSSR, Moscow-Leningrad, 1946, p. 3 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. 23).
    To help account for J.I.’s attitude, I quote here an official document characterizing him which had been written and signed by his superiors in April 1951 (this is just the end of the text, absolutely conforming, however, to the style of the whole document): «Does not take part in the social life of the department. Does not participate in the training of new theoretical physicists. His guidance of his Chair is insufficient. Was awarded the title of the laureate of the State Prize for his work «Kinetic Theory of Liquids».» (Archives of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute, personal file 3 548, p. 18).Google Scholar
  24. 24).
    B.P. Konstantinov in: «J.L Frenkel. Memoirs. Letters. Documents». Leningrad, Nauka, 1986, p. 124 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. 25).
    Quoted by: I.E. Tamm. UFN, v. 76, # 3, p. 398, 1962 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Ya. Frenkel
    • 1
  1. 1.A.E. Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteSt. Petersburg K-21Russia

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