The Years 1926-1930

  • Victor Ya. Frenkel


In Leningrad J.I. enlarged his efforts in several scientific directions. He started giving the course on wave mechanics not only at the Polytechnic and Physical-Technical Institutes, but at Leningrad University as well. In this way he tried to involve as many people as possible in the studies associated both with the development of the new quantum theory and with its applications to a broad range of macroscopic problems.


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  1. 1).
    J.I. Frenkel. International Physics Congress in the memory of A. Volta in Como. «Nauchnoe slovo», # 1, p. 64, 1928 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    Op. cit., p. 66.Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    This result follows immediately from the formula for the maximum momentum of an electron: p 0 = (2mE 0)½, from which λmin ~ n -1/3 Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    L.D. Landau and L.V. Rozenkevich were postgraduate students of Frenkel.Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    G.E. Gorelik, V.Ya. Frenkel. «Matvei Petrovich Bronstein and Soviet Theoretical Physics in the Thirties». Birkhäuser, 1994; (Moscow: Nauka, 1990 (in Russian)).Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    Quoted from the paper: V.Ya. Frenkel. Lev Viktorovich Rozenkevich. In: «A.F. Ioffe Memorial Readings», St.Petersburg: «Nauka», 1992 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. 7).
    Op. cit. The first of the papers mentioned by Rozenkevich was soon published by him. J.I. had refused to co-author this paper, following in this case his own rule to encourage the most talented of his pupils.Google Scholar
  8. 8).
    Later he carried out first-rate research in the electron theory of solids.Google Scholar
  9. 9).
    M.F. Deygen in: J.I. Frenkel. Memoirs, Letters, Documents. Leningrad: Nauka, 1986, pp. 200–201 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. 10).
    Of the Neva River in St. Petersburg.Google Scholar
  11. 11).
    K.S. Shifrin in op. cit., p. 228 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. 12).
    The paper was published in «Zeitschrift für Physik», Bd. 49, S. 31, 1928, and was included in the second volume of «Selected Papers» of J.I. Frenkel.Google Scholar
  13. 13).
    E.I. Rashba made a good point on this in his article dedicated to the 90th birthday of J.I. Frenkel: «The most prominent feature of J.I. Frenkel’s talent seems to be an extraordinary mind when it comes to questions of physics, which sometimes is involuntarily perceived by us now as a clairvoyance.» (UFN, 1984, v. 144, # 2, p. 347 (in Russian)).Google Scholar
  14. 14).
    The Pauli principle does not forbid «divorces» when an electron goes to another free or partly occupied «room», but absolutely rules out a «ménage à trois». (Comment by J.I. Frenkel).Google Scholar
  15. 16).
    W. Heisenberg. Zeitschrift für Physik, Bd. 49, S. 619, 1928.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 17).
    J.I. Frenkel and Ya.G. Dorfman. Nature, v. 126, p. 274, 1930.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 18).
    J.I. Frenkel. Introduction to the Theory of Metals. Moscow: Fizmatgiz, 1958, p. 114 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. 19).
    L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifshits. Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, Bd. 8, S. 157, 1935.Google Scholar
  19. 20).
    J.I. Frenkel. Zeitschrift für Physik, Bd. 50, S. 234, 1928.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 21).
    J.I. Frenkel. Collection of Selected Papers, v. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958, p. 121 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. 22).
    See, for instance, Ya.B. Zel’dovich and I.D. Novikov, UFN, v. 86, # 3, p. 448 (in Russian). In an article by the same authors published in «Pravda» on 9 March 1975, one reads: «Soviet scientists J. Frenkel and L. Landau made a large contribution to the theory of white dwarfs.» See also: S.A. Kaplan. Fizika zvyozd. Moscow: GIFML, 1961, p. 144 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. 23).
    J.I. Frenkel. Zeitschrift für Physik, Bd. 47, S. 786, 1928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 24).
    A.L. Proca. Journal de Physique et Radium, v. 7, p. 347, 1936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 25).
    S.I. Vavilov. The VI Congress of Russian Physicists. «Nauchnoe Slovo», # 8, p. 95, 1928 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. 26).
    Quoted by: M.S. Sominsky. Abram Fyodorovich Ioffe. Moscow-Leningrad, Nauka, 1964, p. 401.Google Scholar
  26. 27).
    J.I.’s lectures in provincial towns in front of large, mostly student, audiences were of exactly this kind.Google Scholar
  27. 28).
    The State Publishing House.Google Scholar
  28. 29).
    The Central Department of Science.Google Scholar
  29. 30).
    Pauli, when speaking to someone, always rocked on the tips of his toes.Google Scholar
  30. 31).
    In 1928, i.e., two years before the events described, Frenkel completed a detailed review of Sommerfeld’s paper «Electron theory of metals based on the Fermi statistics». It was published in «Phys. Berichte» (Bd. 9, S. 1051–55, 1928). Sommerfeld knew that this publication went far beyond the scope of a usual review, so his remarks at the Odessa Congress were based on the previous experience as well. The translation of Frenkel’s review, because of its importance, was included in the collection of papers: A. Sommerfeld. «The Ways of Knowledge in Physics». Moscow: Nauka, 1973, pp. 103-108 (in Russian).Google Scholar

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© Springer Basel AG 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Ya. Frenkel
    • 1
  1. 1.A.E. Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteSt. Petersburg K-21Russia

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