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The First Solvay Council

The theory of radiation and quanta
  • Pierre Marage
  • Grégoire Wallenborn
Chapter
  • 121 Downloads
Part of the Science Networks · Historical Studies book series (SNHS, volume 22)

Abstract

On October 30th 1911, in a small room in the Métropole Hotel in Brussels, Ernest Solvay opened a scientific council (“a sort of private congress” as the reports put it when they were published in 1912), which brought together twenty of the most famous names in physics. H. A. Lorentz, M. Curie, H. Poincaré, M. Planck, A. Einstein, M. Brillouin, M. de Broglie, H. Kamerlingh Onnes, H. Rubens, E. Rutherford, W. Nernst, J. Perrin, J.H. Jeans, E. Warburg, and A. Sommerfeld were there.

Keywords

Nobel Prize Modern Physic Black Body Black Body Radiation Photoelectric Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See Ernest Solvay: the System, the Law and the Council, in this volume.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. SOLVAY, Allocution à l’ouverture du `Conseil de Physique’, in La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta (1st Solvay Council of Physics), Rapports et discussions de la réunion tenue à Bruxelles, du 30 octobre au 3 novembre 1911, sous les Auspices de M. E. Solvay, Published by P. Langevin et M. de Broglie, Gauthier-Villars, Paris, 1912, p. 3 and 5.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Discours d’ouverture de M. LORENTZ, ibid.,p. 9Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Id.,p. 8.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Discours de M. NERNST, ibid.,p. 11.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. A. LORENTZ, Sur l’application au rayonnement du théorème de l’équipartition de l’énergie, ibid.,p. 12.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. PLANCK, Scientific Autobiography, Philosophical Library, New York, 1949, pp. 33–34.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Quoted in M. JAMMER, The Conceptual development of Quantum Mechanics, Tomash Publishers, American Institute of Physics, 1989, p. 13.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Id.,p. 16.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Id.,p. 17.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. PLANCK (SIIPC).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Discussion du rapport de M. LORENTZ, in La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta (1st Solvay Council of Physics), op.cit., p. 41.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Discussion du rapport de M. JEANS, ibid.,p. 77.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. PLANCK, La loi du rayonnement noir et l’hypothèse des quantités élémentaires d’action, ibid.,pp. 93–94.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Id.,p.100.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. EINSTEIN, Concerning a Heuristic Point of View about the Creation and Transformation of Light, in The World of the Atom, ed. by H. A. Boorse L. Motz, vol. 1, Basic Books, New York - London, 1966, p. 545.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Id.,p. 553.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. PLANCK, La loi du rayonnement noir et l’hypothèse des quantités élémentaires d’action, op. cit., p. 100–101.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Id.,p. 110–111.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. PLANCK, Scientific Autobiography,op. cit., p. 44–45.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. FRANK, Einstein - Sa vie,.con temps, Flammarion, Paris, 1991, p. 341.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. OLFF-NATHAN, La science sous le Troisième Reich, Le Seuil, Paris, 1993, p. 8.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Discussion du rapport de M. Einstein, in La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta (1st Solvay Council of Physics), op. cit., p. 436.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Quoted in B. HOFFMAN, Albert Einstein, Creator and rebel, The Viking Press, New York, 1972, p. 98.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    When the witches’ Sabbath in Brussels is over I will again be my own person. Letter to Besso, 21 October 1911, quoted in D. K.BARKAN, The Witches’ Sabbath: The first International Solvay Congress in Physics, Science in Context 6 (1993), p. 67.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. POINCARÉ, L’hypothèse des quanta, Dernières pensées, Flammarion, Paris, 1913, p. 165.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Conclusions générales, in La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta (1st Solvay Council of Physics), op. cit., p. 451.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
    M. JAMMER, The Conceptual development of Quantum Mechanics,op. cit., p. 49.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Allocution finale de M. Ernest Solvay, in La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta (1st Solvay Council of Physics), op. cit., p. 455.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. BRILLOUIN, quoted in H. A. Lorentz Impressions of his life and work, G. L. De Haas-Lorentz (ed.), North Holland, Amsterdam, 1957, p. 107–108.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. BOHR, The Solvay Meetings and the Developments of Quantum Physics, in La théorie quantique des champs (Twelfth Solvay Council of Physics), Interscience Publishers R. Stoops, New York, London Bruxelles, 1962, p. 17.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    LORENTZ to SOLVAY, 7 November 1911 (SIIPC).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Marage
    • 1
  • Grégoire Wallenborn
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculté des Sciences — CP 230Université Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.Institut de Philosophie — CP 175Université Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium

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