Molecular analysis of Drosophila glutamate receptors
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Insects and other invertebrates use L-glutamate as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and at the neuromuscular junction. In contrast to the well-studied effects of L-glutamate on invertebrate muscle cells, relatively little is known about the physiological role of glutamate receptors (GluRs) in the invertebrate central nervous system. We have applied a molecular cloning approach to elucidate the molecular structure of neuronal and muscle-specific Drosophila glutamate receptor subunits (DGluRs). Several domains conserved between rat GluR subunits and DGluRs indicate regions of high functional significance. Drosophila genetics may now be used as a valuable experimental tool to gain further insight into the role of DGluRs in development, synaptic plasticity and control of gene expression.
KeywordsGlutamate Receptor Neuromuscular Junction Xenopus Oocyte Larval Muscle Glutamate Receptor Subunit
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