Advertisement

Die Wirkung der Reaktorstrahlungen auf die Materialien

  • W. Epprecht
Chapter
  • 32 Downloads
Part of the Lehr- und Handbücher der Ingenieurwissenschaften book series (LHI)

Zusammenfassung

Die physikalischen Eigenschaften der festen, flüssigen oder gasförmigen Materialien werden in den Reaktoren durch die auftretenden Strahlen zum Teil verändert. Die Strahlenwirkung ist dabei von Stoff zu Stoff verschieden, was zum Teil auf der unterschiedlichen chemischen Bindungsart in den fraglichen Materialien beruht, indessen ebenso sehr auch von der Art und Energie der wirksamen Strahlung abhängig ist. Es ist daher notwendig, die schon früher behandelten, in Kernreaktoren auftretenden Strahlungsarten hier unter einem anderen Gesichtspunkt nochmals zusammenzustellen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Referenzen

  1. [128]
    Greenfield, M. A., und Mitarb., Measuring flux absolutely with indium foils, Nucleonics 15, 57–61 (März 1957).Google Scholar
  2. [129]
    Stelzer, K., Zur Absolutmessung von Neutronenflüssen mit Indiumsonden, Nukleonik 1, 10–13 (1958).Google Scholar
  3. [130]
    Vineyard, G. H., Nuclear Metallurgy, Bd. 3 (AIME 1956), S. 2–12, vgl. [65].Google Scholar
  4. [131]
    Seitz, F., On the disordering of solids by action of fast massive particles, Disc. Faraday Soc. 5, 271–282 (1949).Google Scholar
  5. [132]
    Seitz, F., und Koehler, J. S., Displacement of atoms during irradiation, Solid State Physics, Bd. 2 (Academic-Press Inc., New York 1956).Google Scholar
  6. [133]
    Brinkman, J. A., Production of atomic displacements by high energy particles, J. Amer. Phys. 24, 246 (1956).Google Scholar
  7. [134]
    Lintner, K., und Schmid, E., Bedeutung von Korpuskular strahlen für die Eigenschaften von Festkörpern, E.g. Exakt. Naturwiss. 28, 302–406 (1955).Google Scholar
  8. [135]
    Brinkman, J. A., On the nature of radiation damage in metals, J. Appl. Phys. 25, 961–970 (1954).Google Scholar
  9. [136]
    Silsbee, R. H., Focussing in collision problems in solids, J. Appl. Phys. 28, 1246–1250 (1957).Google Scholar
  10. [137]
    Seeger, A., Strahlungsschädigung und Bestrahlungsverfestigung, Z. Naturforsch. 13a, 54–55 (1958).Google Scholar
  11. [138]
    Mitchell, E. W. J., und Paige, E. G. S., The optical effect of radiation induced atomic damage in Quartz, Philos. Mag. 1, 1085–1115 (1956).Google Scholar
  12. [139]
    Mitchell, E. W. J., The effect of radiation damage on the electronic properties of solids, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 8, 179–189 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. [140]
    Glen, J. W., A survey of irradiation effects in metals, Philos. Mag. 4, 381–478 (1955).Google Scholar
  14. [141]
    Thomas, D. E., Irradiation effects on physical metallurgical processes, Nuclear Metallurgy, (AIME, IMD Special Report Series, Bd. 3, 1956), S. 13–30.Google Scholar
  15. [142]
    Hanle, W., Einwirkung energiereicher Strahlung auf Werkstoffe, Metall 11, 91–99 (1957).Google Scholar
  16. [143]
    Dienes, G. J., und Damask, A. C., Radiation enhanced diffusion in solids, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1713–1721 (1959).Google Scholar
  17. [144]
    Konobeevsky, S. T., und Mitarb., On some physico-chemical processes occurring in fissionable materials under irradiation, A/Conf. 15/P/2192, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  18. [145]
    Bleiberg, M. L. , und Mitarb., Phase changes in pile irradiated Uranium-base alloys, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1270 (1956).Google Scholar
  19. [146]
    Bleiberg, M. L., Irradiation induced phase changes in U-base alloys, A/Conf. 15/P/619, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  20. [147]
    Boltax, A., Effects of radiation damage on precipitation hardening alloys with special reference to Cu-Fe alloys, in: Symposium On Radiation Effects, Bd. 1 (ASTM Special Technical Publication Nr. 208, 1957).Google Scholar
  21. [148]
    Dugdale, R. A., Recent experiments at Harwell on irradiation effects in crystalline solids, Bristol Conference on Defects in Crystalline Solids (Phys. Soc, London 1955). S. 246–251.Google Scholar
  22. [149]
    Cleland, J. W., Crawford, J. H., und Holmes, D. K., Effects of gamma-radiation on Germanium, Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc. 1, 135 (1956).Google Scholar
  23. [150]
    Kinchin, G. H., und Pease, R. S., The displacement of atoms in solids by radiation, Reports Progr. Phys. 18, 1–51 (1955).Google Scholar
  24. [151]
    Stech, B., Strukturänderungen an Kristallen durch Beschuss mit Alpha-Teilchen, Z. Naturforsch. 7a, 175–185 (1952).Google Scholar
  25. [152]
    Blewitt, T. H., und Coltman, R. R., The effect of pile irradiation on the stress-strain curve of copper, Phys. R.v. 82, 769 (1951); Kurve in Reports Progr. Phys. 18, 27 (1955).Google Scholar
  26. [153]
    Billington, D. S., Irradiation effects in reactor materials, Nucl. Met. III (AIME, 1956), S. 31–54, vgl. [65].Google Scholar
  27. [154]
    Hueschen, R. E., Kemper, R. S., und Kelly, W. S., The effect of irradiation on the tensile properties of Uranium, Adv. Nucl. Engin. II, 163–172 (1957).Google Scholar
  28. [155]
    Billington, D. S., Proc. Internat. Conf. Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Bd. 7 (1956), S. 572 der französischen Ausgabe, Diskussionsbeitrag.Google Scholar
  29. [156]
    Bruch, C. A., zit. in Diskussionsbeitrag, Adv. Nucl. Engin. II (Pergamon-Press, 1957), S. 171.Google Scholar
  30. [157]
    Leeser, D. O., How nuclear radiation affects engineering materials, Materials and Methods Manual 107, 109–120 (August 1954).Google Scholar
  31. [158]
    Bartz, M. H., Performance of metals during six years service in the MTR, A/Conf. 15/P/1878, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  32. [159]
    Wilson, J. C., Effects of irradiation on the structural materials in nuclear power reactors, A/Conf. 15/P/1978, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  33. [160]
    Zaimovsky, A. S., und Mitarb., Influence of U structure and properties upon its behaviour under irradiation, A/Conf. 15/P/2191, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  34. [161]
    Woods, W. K., Bupp, L. P., und Fletcher, J. F., Irridation damage to artificial graphite, A/Conf. 8/P/746, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  35. [162]
    Warde, J. M., Materials for nuclear power reactors, Materials and Methods Manual 129 (August 1956).Google Scholar
  36. [163]
    Gewiss, C., und Mitarb., Propriétés physiques et caractéristiques mécaniques de l’oxyde de béryllium fritté, A/Conf. 15/P/1159, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  37. [164]
    Kittel, J. H., Damaging effects of radiation on solid reactor materials, Nucleonics 14, 63–65 (September 1956).Google Scholar
  38. [165]
    Paine, S. H., und Kittel, J. H., Irradiation effects in uranium and its alloys, A/Conf. 8/P/745, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  39. [166]
    Kinchin, G. H., The effects of irradiation on graphite, Proc. Internat. Conf. Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Bd. 7 (1956), S. 472–478.Google Scholar
  40. [167]
    Gilbreath, J. R., und Simpson, O. C., The effect of reactor irradiation on the physical properties of Beryllium oxyde, A/Conf. 15/P/621, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  41. [168]
    Charlesby, A., und Mitarb., Effect of atomic pile radiation on the elastic modulus of an austenitic steel, Atomic Energy Research Establ. M/R 1434, 1–6 (1954).Google Scholar
  42. [169]
    Makin, M. J., und Mitarb., The mechanical properties, embrittlement and metallurgical stability of irradiated metals and alloys, A/Conf. 15/P/80, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  43. [170]
    Wittels, M. C., und Crawford, J. H., Radiation stability of nonmetals and Ceramics, A/Conf. 15/P/679, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  44. [171]
    Faris, F. E., The effect of irradiation on structural materials, A/Conf. 8/P/747, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  45. [172]
    Wilson, J. C., und Billington, D. S., Effect of nuclear radiation on structural materials, J. Metals 8, 665–672 (1956).Google Scholar
  46. [173]
    Meyer, R. A., Influence of deuteron bombardment and strain hardening on notch sensitivity of mild steel, J. Appl. Phys. 25, 1369–1374 (1954).Google Scholar
  47. [174]
    Smoluchowski, R., Effect of nuclear irradiation on ionic crystals, A/Conf. 8/P/748, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  48. [175]
    Billington, D. S., Radiation damage in reactor materials, A/Conf. 8/P/744, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  49. [176]
    Schmid, E., und Lintner, K., Über die Bedeutung eines Bombardements mit Korpuskularstrahlen für die Plastizität von Metallkristallen, Sitzungsber. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-naturwiss. Klasse, Abt. II, 163, 109–121 (1954).Google Scholar
  50. [177]
    Andrade, E. N. da C., Effect of alpha-ray bombardment on glide in metal single crystals, Nature 156, 113 (London 1953).Google Scholar
  51. [178]
    Roberts, A. C., und Cottrell, A. H., Creep of a-Uranium during irradiation with neutrons, Philos. Mag. 1, 711–717 (1956).Google Scholar
  52. [179]
    Barney, W. K., Irradiation effects in UO2, A/Conf. 15/P/615, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  53. [180]
    Kunz, F. W., Atomic Energy Comm., KAPL 1366 (1955), zit. in [223].Google Scholar
  54. [181]
    Bloch, J., und Mitarb., Etude sur l’Uranium irradié, A/Conf. 15/P/1158, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  55. [182]
    Davidson, H. W., und Losty, H. H. W., The effect of neutron irradiation on the mechanical properties of Graphite, A/Conf. 15/P/28, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  56. [183]
    Lillie, D. W., Effects of pseudo fission gases in metallic lattices, A/Conf. 15/P/1866, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  57. [184]
    Smallman, R. E., und Willis, B. T. M., An X-ray study of neutron irradiated LiF, Philos. Mag. 2, 1018–1026 (1957).Google Scholar
  58. [185]
    Crawford, J. H., und Wittels, M. C., A review of investigations of radiation effects in covalent and ionic crystals, A/Conf. 8/P/753, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  59. [186]
    Elston, J., und Caillat, R., Propriétés physiques et caractéristiques mécaniques de l’oxyde de béryllium fritté, A/Conf. 15/P/1159, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  60. [187]
    Tucker, C. H. W., und Senio, P., X-ray scattering by neutron irradiation of single crystals of boron carbide, Acta Cryst. 8, 371 (1955).Google Scholar
  61. [188]
    Pease, R. S., X-ray examination of irradiation effects in boron compounds, Acta Cryst. 7, 663 (1954).Google Scholar
  62. [189]
    Nightingale, R. E., und Mitarb., Damage effect to Graphite irradiated up to 1000° C, A/Conf. 15/P/614, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  63. [190]
    Kittel, J. H., und Paine, S. H., Effect of irradiation on fuel materials, A/Conf.15/P/1890, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  64. [191]
    Leeser, D. O., Rough, F. A., und Bauer, A. A., Radiation stability of fuel elements for Enrico Fermi power reactor, A/Conf. 15/P/622, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  65. [192]
    Willis, A. H., Sources of fuel element instability, A/Conf. 15/P/616, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  66. [193]
    Hayward, B. R., und Bentle, G. G., Effect of burnup on metallic fuel elements operating at elevated temperature, A/Conf. 15/P/617, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  67. [194]
    Hayward, B. R., und Corzine, P., Th-U-fuel elements for SRE, A/Conf. 15/P/785, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  68. [195]
    Thomas, D. E., und Mitarb., Properties of gamma-phase U-alloys, A/Conf. 15/P/1924, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  69. [196]
    Seigle, L. L., und Castleman, L. S., Mechanism of irradiation-induced dimensional instability of Uranium, A/Conf. 15/P/618, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  70. [197]
    Barnes, R. S., und Mitarb., Swelling and inert gas diffusion in irradiated Uranium A/Conf. 15/P/81, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  71. [198]
    Carter, R. L., und Mitarb., Recent developments in the technology of Na-Graphite reactor materials, A/Conf. 15/P/705, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  72. [199]
    Barnes, R. S., und Greenwood, G. W., The effect of gases produced in reactor materials by irradiation, A/Conf. 15/P/29, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  73. [200]
    Binder, D., und Sturm, W. J., Equivalence of X-ray lattice parameter and density changes in neutron irradiated LiF, Phys. Rev. 96, 1519 (1954).Google Scholar
  74. [201]
    Robertson, J. A. L., und Mitarb., Behaviour of uraniumoxide as a reactor fuel, A/Conf. 15/P/193, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  75. [202]
    Murray, P., und Williams, J., Ceramic and Cermet Fuels, A/Conf. 15/P/318, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  76. [203]
    Konobeevsky, S. T., und Mitarb., The effect of irradiation on the structure and properties of structural materials, A/Conf. 8/P/680, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  77. [204]
    Bruch, Ch. A., und Mitarb., Metallographic studies of neutron irradiated non-fissile metals, Adv. Nucl. Engin. II (1957), S. 149–157.Google Scholar
  78. [205]
    Bierlein, T. K., und Mastel, B., Metallographic studies on uranium, A/Conf. 15/P/1855, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  79. [206]
    Blewitt, T. H., und Mitarb., Atomic Energy Comm. Reprint, zit. in: Nukleonik 1, 40 (1958).Google Scholar
  80. [207]
    Burton, M., und Neubert, T. J., Effect of fast neutron bombardment on physical properties of graphite, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 557–567 (1956).Google Scholar
  81. [208]
    Nelson, C. M., Sproull, R. L., und Caswell, R. S., Conductivity changes in KCl produced by y and neutron irradiation, Phys. Rev. 90, 364 (1953).Google Scholar
  82. [209]
    Brabers, M. J., Electrical conductivity of Uranium Oxides, A/Conf. 15/P/1474, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  83. [210]
    (Anonym), Nucleonics 13, 43, 89 (Dezember 1957).Google Scholar
  84. [211]
    Cottrell, A. H., und Mitarb., Theory of annealing kinetics applied to the release of stored energy from irradiated graphite in air-cooled reactors, A/Conf. 15/P/2485, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  85. [212]
    Dickson, J. L., und Mitarb., The BEPO Wigner release, A/Conf. 15/P/1805, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  86. [213]
    Powell, R. W., und Mitarb., Control of radiation effects in a graphite reactor structure, A/Conf. 15/P/462, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  87. [214]
    Gordon, D. I., und Mitarb., Radiation effects in magnetic materials, Nucleonics 16, 73–77 (Juni 1958).Google Scholar
  88. [215]
    Bloembergen, N., Nuclear magnetic resonance in imperfect crystals; Griffiths, J. H. E., Magnetic resonance in irradiated diamond and quartz; O’Brien, M. C. M., und Pryce, M. H. L., Paramagnetic resonance in irradiated diamond and quartz, alle in: Defects in Crystalline Solids, (Phys. Soc, London 1955).Google Scholar
  89. [216]
    Box, H. C., und Freud, H. G., Paramagnetic resonance shows radiation effects, Nucleonics 17, 66 (Januar 1959).Google Scholar
  90. [217]
    McClelland, J. D., und Donoghue, J. J., The effect of neutron bombardment upon the magnetic susceptibility of several pure oxides, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 963 (1953).Google Scholar
  91. [218]
    Sweeton, H. F., und Mitarb., The effect of irradiation on the corrosion of Type 347 stainless steel by uranyl-sulphate solutions, U.S. Atomic Energy Comm. Report ORNL-2284 (1957).Google Scholar
  92. [219]
    Draley, J. E., und Mitarb., High temperature aqueous corrosion of Al-alloys, A/Conf. 15/P/714, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  93. [220]
    Draley, J. E., und Greenberg, S., The application of materials in low temperature water and organic liquid cooled reactors, Nuclear Metallurgy, Bd. 2, IMD Special Report Series (AIME 1956).Google Scholar
  94. [221]
    Hennig, G. R., Dienes, G. J., und Kosiba, W., Radiation effects on the oxydation rate and on other chemical properties of graphite, A/Conf. 15/P/1778, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  95. [222]
    Anderson, A. R., und Mitarb., Chemical studies of CO2and graphite under reactor conditions, A/Conf. 15/P/303, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  96. [223]
    Lintner, K., und Schmid, E., Das Problem der Strahlenbeeinflussung von Festkörpern, Nukleonik 1, 29–40 (1958).Google Scholar
  97. [224]
    Castleman, L. S., Survey of the effects of neutron bombardment on structural materials, Bd. 1, ASTM, Special Techn. Publ. Nr. 208 (1957).Google Scholar
  98. [225]
    (Anonym), EBR-I-Core after meltdown, Nucleonics 15, 84 (Januar 1957).Google Scholar
  99. [226]
    Hochmann, J., und Desestret, A., Les aciers à forte teneur en bore, A/Conf. 15/P/1272, Genf 1958, Bd. 5.Google Scholar
  100. [227]
    Hungerford, H. E., und Mantey, R. F., Shielding the Enrico Fermi fast breeder reactor, Nucleonics 16, 120–125 (November 1958).Google Scholar
  101. [228]
    Price, B. T., Horton, C. C., und Spinney, K. T., Radiation shielding (Pergamon-Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  102. [229]
    Binford, F. T., Gamma ray heating in BSR, Nucleonics 15, 93–97 (März 1957).Google Scholar
  103. [230]
    Claiborne, H. C., Calculating gamma-heating in reactor structures, Nucleonics 15, 114–121 (Oktober 1957).Google Scholar
  104. [231]
    Saij, K., und Homma, E., Study on the thermal growth of the various concretes occurred by thermal cycles in power reactors, A/Conf. 15/P/1326, Genf 1958, Bd.5.Google Scholar
  105. [232]
    Haissinsky, M., La chimie nucléaire et ses applications (Masson, und Cie, Paris 1957).Google Scholar
  106. [233]
    Bovey, F. A., The effects of ionizing radiation on natural and synthetic high polymers (Interscience Publ. Inc., New York 1958).Google Scholar
  107. [234]
    Kats, A., und Stevels, J. M., The effect of U.V. and x-ray radiation on silicate glasses, fused silica and quartz crystals, Philips Research Reports 11, 115–156 (1956).Google Scholar
  108. [235]
    Kats, A., The interaction of U.V. and x-ray radiation with silicate glasses and fused silica, 4e Congrès Internat, du Verre, Paris, Juli 1956 (1957) S. 400–411.Google Scholar
  109. [236]
    Levy, M., Radiation coloration of glasses, J. Soc. Glass Technology 40, 18T—23T (1956).Google Scholar
  110. [237]
    Lindner, J. W., Shielding-glass buildup factors, Nucleonics 16, 77 (Oktober 1958).Google Scholar
  111. [238]
    Charlesby, A., Beneficial effects of radiation on polymers, Nucleonics 14, 82–85 (September 1956).Google Scholar
  112. [239]
    Bopp, C. D., und Sisman, O., Radiation stability of plastics and elastomers, Nucleonics 13, 28–33 (Juli 1955).Google Scholar
  113. [240]
    Bopp, C. D., und Sisman, O., How radiation changes polymer mechanical properties, Nucleonics 13, 51–55 (Oktober 1955).Google Scholar
  114. [241]
    Harrington, R., Damaging effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers, Nucleonics 14, 70–74 (September 1956).Google Scholar
  115. [242]
    Bresee, J. C. , und Mitarb., Damaging effects of radiation on chemical materials, Nucleonics 14, 75–81 (September 1956).Google Scholar
  116. [243]
    Meyer, R. A. , und Mitarb., Radiation induced conductivity in polyethylene and teflon, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 1012–1018 (1956).Google Scholar
  117. [244]
    Sisman, O., The problem of establishing specifications for irradiated organic materials, ASTM, Special Techn. Publ. Nr. 208 (1957), S. 130–140.Google Scholar
  118. [245]
    Hart, E. J., Recent studies on reactions in irradiated water, A/Conf. 15/P/951, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  119. [246]
    Pucheault, J., und Ferrardini, C., Détermination des rendements de radiolyse de l’eau par les rayons alpha, à l’aide du système VV-VIV, A/Conf. 15/P/1232, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  120. [247]
    Allen, A. O., Mechanism of decomposition of water by ionizing radiations, Disc. Faraday Soc. 12, 85–96 (1954).Google Scholar
  121. [248]
    Harrer, J. W., Starting up EBWR, Nucleonics 15, 60–64 (Juli 1957).Google Scholar
  122. [249]
    Whitham, G. K., und Smith, R. R., Water chemistry in a direct cycle boiling water reactor, A/Conf. 15/P/946, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  123. [250]
    Monson, H. O., Water decomposition, Reactor Handbook, Bd. Engineering (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York 1955).Google Scholar
  124. [251]
    Medin, A. L., Reactor water processing, how it is done in APPR, Nucleonics 15, 72–81 (Dezember 1957).Google Scholar
  125. [252]
    Weiss, J., Chemical dosimetry using ferrous and ceric sulfates, Nucleonics 10, 28–31 (Juli 1952).Google Scholar
  126. [253]
    Lane, J. A., und Lansing, N. F., Aqueous fuel systems, Reactor Handbook, Bd. Engineering (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York 1955), S. 555–574.Google Scholar
  127. [254]
    Secoy, G. H., Examen des problèmes chimiques que posent les piles homogènes, A/Conf. 8/P/821, Genf 1955, Bd. 9.Google Scholar
  128. [255]
    Haissinsky, M., und Duflo, M., Heterogeneous catalysis in radiation chemistry, A/Conf. 15/P/1233, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  129. [256]
    Pages, M., und Haissinsky, M., Action of gamma- and alpha-rays on plutonium-solutions, A/Conf. 15/P/1156, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  130. [257]
    Trilling, C. A., OMRE operating experience, Nucleonics 17, 113f. (November 1959).Google Scholar
  131. [258]
    Siegel, S., und Wilson, R. F., OMCR power plants, Nucleonics 17, 118f. (November 1959).Google Scholar
  132. [259]
    Burns, W. G., und Mitarb., The effect of fast electrons and fast neutrons on polyphenyls at high temperatures, A/Conf. 15/P/51, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  133. [260]
    Colichman, E. L., und Gercke, R. H. J., Radiation stability of polyphenyls, Nucleonics 14, 50–54 (Juli 1956).Google Scholar
  134. [261]
    Bolt, R. O., Organic lubricants and polymers for nuclear power plants, A/Conf. 15/P/2384, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  135. [262]
    Harteck, P., und Dondes, S., Radiation chemistry of gases, A/Conf. 15/P/1769, Genf 1958, Bd. 29.Google Scholar
  136. [263]
    Shatalov, I. V., und Nikitina, V. A., Corrosion behaviour of structural metals in ionized air, A/Conf. 15/P/2042, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  137. [264]
    McIntosh, A. B., und Bagley, K. Q., Selection of canning materials for reactors cooled by Na/K and CO2, J. Inst. Metals 84, 251–270 (1955/56).Google Scholar
  138. [265]
    Clark, W. E., The effect of y-lrradiation on the potential behaviour of Pt and stainless-steel-electrodes, J. Electrochem. Soc. 105, 483–485 (1958).Google Scholar
  139. [266]
    Carlsen, K. P., und Mitarb., A/Conf. 8/P/885, Genf 1955 (nur Preprint).Google Scholar
  140. [267]
    Howe, J. P., Problems in materials for nuclear power, Nuclear Metallurgy, Bd. 1 (AIME, IMD Special Report Series, 1955), S. 11–28.Google Scholar
  141. [268]
    Deutsch, R. W., Fission product buildup in enriched thermal reactors, Nucleonics 14, 89–91 (September 1956).Google Scholar
  142. [269]
    Craig, D. S., und Mitarb., Long irradiation of natural uranium, A/Conf. 15/P/205, Genf 1958, Bd. 16.Google Scholar
  143. [270]
    Cesoni, G., und Mitarb., Burnable poisons in A1-U-alloys, A/Conf. 15/P/1402, Genf 1958, Bd. 6.Google Scholar
  144. [271]
    Hintermann, K., Dehontaminierung von Gasen im Zusammenhang mit Kernreaktoren, Neue Technik 1, 5–12 (1959).Google Scholar
  145. [272]
    Friend, W. Z., Corrosion problems in nuclear reactor stations, Proc. Amer. Power Conf. 18 (1956).Google Scholar
  146. [273]
    Abraham, B. M., und Mitarb., Fluid metal fuels: UO2-NaK-slurry, A/Conf. 15/P/457, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  147. [274]
    Bryner, J. S., und Brodsky, M. B., The thorium bismutide breeder blanket, A/Conf. 15/P/460, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  148. [275]
    Frost, B. R. T., Technologie des combustibles métalliques liquides, A/Conf. 15/P/270, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  149. [276]
    Hermans, M. E. A., The preparation of UO2fuel for a suspension reactor, A/Conf. 15/P/522, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  150. [277]
    Johnson, W. E., und Mitarb., Technology of aqueous thoria slurries for single-region homogeneous reactors, A/Conf. 15/P/2373, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  151. [278]
    Katcoff, S., Fission product yields from U, Th and Pu, Nucleonics 16, 78–85 (April 1958).Google Scholar
  152. [279]
    Howells, G. R., und Mitarb., The chemical processing of irradiated fuels from thermal reactors, A/Conf. 15/P/307, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  153. [280]
    Cowan, G. A., und Orth, Ch. J., Diffusion of fission products at high temperatures from refractory matrices, A/Conf. 15/P/613, Genf 1958, Bd. 7.Google Scholar
  154. [281]
    Küchler, L., und Schüller, W., Die Wiederaufbereitung von Kernbrennstoffen, Nukleonik 1, 112–124 (1958).Google Scholar
  155. [282]
    Schraidt, J. H., und Levenson, M., Developments in pyrometallurgical reprocessing, A/Conf. 15/P/1795, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  156. [283]
    Chiotti, P., und Voigt, A. F., Pyrometallurgical processing, A/Conf. 15/P/517, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  157. [284]
    Feder, H. M., und Teitel, R. J., Purification of reactor fuels and blankets by crystallization from liquid metal solvents, A/Conf. 15/P/540, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  158. [285]
    Burris, L., und Mitarb., Developments in melt refining of reactor fuels, A/Conf. 15/P/538, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  159. [286]
    Levenson, M., und Mitarb., The pyrometallurgical process and plant for EBR-II, A/Conf. 15/P/541, Genf 1958, Bd. 17.Google Scholar
  160. [287]
    Yaggee, F. L., und Mitarb., Injection casting of U-fissium alloy pins, Nuclear Metallurgy, Bd. 4 (AIME, IMD Special Reports, New York 1957), S. 51–62.Google Scholar
  161. [288]
    Fleeman, J., und Dienes, G. J., Effect of reactor irradiation on the white-to-grey tin transformation, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 652–654 (1955).Google Scholar
  162. [289]
    Wittels, M. C., und Sherill, F. A., Irradiation induced phase transformation in ZrO2, J. Appl. Phys. 27, 643/644 (1956).Google Scholar
  163. [290]
    Wittels, M. C., und Sherill, F. A., Fast neutron effects in tetragonal BaTiO3, J. Appl. Phys. 28, 606–609 (1957).Google Scholar
  164. [291]
    Wittels, M. C., und Sherill, F. A., Radiation damage in SiO2structures, Phys. Rev. 93, 1117/1118 (1954).Google Scholar
  165. [292]
    Konobeevsky, S. T., und Mitarb., Effect of irradiation on structure and properties of fissionable materials, A/Conf. 8/P/681, Genf 1955, Bd. 7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Epprecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung für industrielle Forschung des Institutes für Technische PhysikEidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule in ZürichSchweiz

Personalised recommendations