Advertisement

Heavy Metal Induced Protein Synthesis in Fish Cell Lines

  • Janet Price-Haughey
  • Lashitew Gedamu
Part of the Experientia Supplementum book series (EXS, volume 52)

Abstract

The regulation of heavy metal induced gene expression was investigated in two fish cell lines: the rainbow trout hepatoma (RTH) and Chinook salmon embryo (CHSE) cells. The induction of metallothionein (MT) synthesis occurred in RTH cells exposed to zinc, and to a lesser extent, following exposure to cadmium. The time courses of MT synthesis were different for the different metal inducers, suggesting that MT may be differentially regulated in these cells. CHSE cells, unlike RTH cells, did not synthesize MT in response to metal treatment. Treatment of the cells with 5-azacytidine prior to heavy metal exposure resulted in the induction of MT synthesis. Since these cells were embryonic in origin, these findings raised the possibility that MT gene expression may be developmentally regulated in fish. Analysis of the entire spectrum of cellular proteins has revealed the synthesis of an unknown, 14,000 dalton, metal-inducible protein (MIP) and various stress proteins following exposure of fish cells to heavy metals.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Stress Protein Fish Cell Heavy Metal Exposure Stress Protein Induction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kagi, J.H.R. and Nordberg, M. eds. (1979) Metallothionein. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oh, S.H., Deagen, J.T., Whanger, P.D. and Weswig, P.H. (1978) Am. J. Physiol. 234, E282–285.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Durnam, D.M., Hoffman, J.S., Quaife, C.J., Benditt, E.P., Chen, H.Y., Brinster, R.L. and Palmiter, R.D. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81, 1053–1056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Karin, M., Imbra, R.J., Heguy, A. and Wong, G. (1985) Mol. Cell. Biol. 5, 2866–2869.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Friedman, R.L., Manly, S.P., McMahon, M., Kerr, I.M. and Stark, G.R. (1984) Cell 38, 745–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bonham, K. and Gedamu, L. (1984) Biosci. Repts. 4, 633–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thomas, D.G., Solbe, J.F. de L.G., Kay, J. and Cryer, A. (1983) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 110, 584–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Price-Haughey, J., Bonham, K. and Gedamu, L. (1986) Env. Health Persp. (in press).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Compere, S.J. and Palmiter, R.D. (1981) Cell 25, 233–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lieberman, M.W., Beach, L.R. and Palmiter, R.D. (1983) Cell 35, 207–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Heikkila, J.J., Schultz, G.A., Iatrou, K. and Gedamu, L. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 12000–12005.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet Price-Haughey
    • 1
  • Lashitew Gedamu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology and University Biochemistry GroupUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations