Satellite Data Analysis of Ozone Differences in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres

  • Marvin A. Geller
  • Mao Fao Wu
  • Eric Nash
Part of the Pageoph Topical Volumes book series (PTV)


Four years of SBUV ozone data and NOAA/NMC temperature data are analyzed for the relations between the annual total ozone behaviour in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and the transport of ozone by planetary waves. It is found that the interhemispheric differences in the annual variation of total ozone are well explained by the interhemispheric differences in the planetary waves and the resulting ozone transports. The annual variation of the ozone transports by the stationary waves is found to control the ozone behavior in both hemispheres. Both the day-to-day and the interannual variation in total ozone are found to be strongly related to the corresponding variability of the planetary waves.

Key words

Ozone planetary waves interhemispheric variations Southern Hemisphere behavior 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andrews, D. G., and M. E. McIntyre (1978), Generalized Eliassen-Palm and Charney-Drazin Theorems for Waves on Axisymmetric Mean Flows in Compressible Atmospheres, J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2031–2048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Duetsch, H. U., Photochemistry of atmospheric ozone, in Advances in Geophysics, 15, (Academic Press, 1971) pp. 219–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dobson, G. M. B., D. N. Harrison, and J. Lawrence (1929), Measurement of the Amount of Ozone in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Its Relation to Other Geophysical Conditions, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A122, 456–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eli Assen, A., and E. Palm (1961), On the Transfer of Energy in Stationary Mountain Waves, Geophys. Pub. 22(3), 1–23.Google Scholar
  5. Geller, M. A., and M.-F. Wu, Troposphere-Stratosphere General Circulation Statistics, Transport Processes in the Middle Atmosphere (eds. G. Visconti and R. Garcia) (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht 1987) pp. 3–17.Google Scholar
  6. Harwood, R. S. (1975), The Temperature Structure of the Southern Hemisphere Stratosphere August-October 1971, Q. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 101, 75–91.Google Scholar
  7. Hirota, I. (1976), Seasonal Variation of Planetary Waves in the Stratosphere Observed by the Nimbus 5 SCR, Q. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 102, 757–770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hirota, I., T. Hirooka, and M. Shiotani (1983), Upper Stratospheric Circulations in the Two Hemispheres Observed by Satellites, Q. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 109, 443–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mahlman, J. D., D. L. Hartmann, T. Matsuno, J. R. Murgatroyd, and J. F. Noxon, Transport of trace constituents in the stratosphere, in Dynamics of the Middle Atmosphere (eds. J. R. Holton and T. Matsuno) (Terrapub., Tokyo 1984) pp. 387–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Miller, A. J., R. M. Nagatani, K. B. Labitzke, E. Klinker, K. Rose, and D. F Heath (1977), Stratospheric Ozone Transport Transport During the Mid-winter Warming of December 1970 — January 1971, Proc. Joint Symp. Atmos. Ozone, Dresden, German Dem. Rep., 135–148.Google Scholar
  11. Rood, R.B. (1983), Transport and the Seasonal Variation of Ozone, Pure Appl. Geophys. 121, 1049–1064.Google Scholar
  12. Shiotani, M., and J. C. Gille (1987), Dynamical Factors Affecting Ozone Mixing Ratios in the Antarctic Lower Stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 9811–9824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wu, M.-F., M. A. Geller, J. G. Olson, A. J. Miller, and R. M. Nagatani (1985), Computations of Ozone Transport Using Nimbus 1 Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and NOAA/National Metrological Center Data, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 5745–5755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wu, M.-F., M. A. Geller, J. G. Olson, and E. M. Larson (1987), A study of the Global Ozone Transport and the Role of Planetary Waves Using Satellite Data, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 3081–3097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin A. Geller
    • 1
  • Mao Fao Wu
    • 1
  • Eric Nash
    • 2
  1. 1.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and Applied Research CorporationLandoverUSA

Personalised recommendations