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Architecting Digital Twin-Driven Transformation in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation book series (LNISO,volume 54)


Digital twins are a key pillar of the ongoing industrial revolution requiring a strategy tailored for each sector of the economy. However, contributions addressing the sectoral level of analysis are still nascent in the digital twin literature. This paper has a dual research objective of (1) identifying the digital twin potential at a sectoral level of analysis and (2) investigating whether the existent Enterprise Architectures (EA) approaches and languages meet the requirements for the creation of digital twin architectures. A design science research project was conducted in a leading business association representing the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector (RACS). Our findings reveal that RACS digital twins will need to address the grand challenges of climate change and sustainability. Moreover, the digital twin-driven transformation of RACS will be more effective in cooperation between different supply chain segments, increasing the importance of business associations’ role in the definition of reference architectures for their sector. Our results also extend recent research suggesting the use of ArchiMate language for digital twin developments. This contribution is relevant to sectoral digital transformations supported by digital twin technology, providing the foundations for future sectoral enterprise architecture frameworks.


  • Digital twin
  • Enterprise architecture
  • ArchiMate
  • Refrigeration
  • Air conditioning

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-94617-3_2
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(Adapted from [26])

Fig. 3

(Source Own elaboration)

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(Source Own elaboration)

Fig. 5

(Source Own elaboration)


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The authors are grateful for the collaboration of APIRAC in this study. This work was partially supported by national funds through the FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology, I.P., within the scope of the project CISUC-UID/CEC/00326/2020 and by European Social Fund, through the Regional Operational Program Centro 2020.

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Correspondence to Carolina Bandeira .

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Bandeira, C., Barata, J., Roque, N. (2022). Architecting Digital Twin-Driven Transformation in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector. In: Kumar, V., Leng, J., Akberdina, V., Kuzmin, E. (eds) Digital Transformation in Industry . Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, vol 54. Springer, Cham.

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