Advertisement

Bioplastic Modified with Woodflour for Additive Manufacturing

Conference paper
  • 611 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1216)

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) is considered the new industrial revolution due to its impact in the way parts are manufactured. Research vast majority is focused on technology development based on different processes. However, recent trends show a big pushed for materials development and testing. Most of the thermoplastic used in AM are petroleum based, a limited and nonrenewable resource, however, bioplastics such as polylactic acid (PLA) have gained traction as a competitor. In this research, PLA was mixed with woodflour into different matrices to evaluate the particle size effect, species (maple and pine) and concentration (woodflour amount) in the biopolymer and 3D printed parts performance. Thermal, mechanical, structural properties were studied for the different matrices created. Results showed the potential of using woodflour as an additive to enhance bioplastics, maintaining sustainability aspects and changing the biopolymer to be suitable for AM.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing Bioplastics Woodflour Sustainability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors want to thank Lignetics for providing the woodflour for this research. Also, “This work was performed in part at the Analytical Instrumentation Facility (AIF) at NCSU, which is supported by the State of North Carolina and the National Science Foundation (award number ECCS-1542015). The AIF is a member of the North Carolina Research Triangle Nanotechnology Network (RTNN), a site in the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI).”

References

  1. 1.
    Stratasys. 3D printing with FDM. White paper (2018)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang, S.H., Liu, P., Mokasdar, A., Hou, L.: Additive manufacturing and its societal impact: a literature review. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 67, 1191–1203 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Holmstrm, J., Partanen, J., Tuomi, J., Walter, M.: Rapid manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain: alternative approaches to capacity deployment. J. Manuf. Technol. Manag. 21(6), 687–697 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khajavi, S.H., Partanen, J., Holmström, J.: Additive manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain. Comput. Ind. 65, 50–63 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wong, K.V., Hernandez, A.: A review of additive manufacturing. ISRN Mech. Eng. 2012, 10 p. (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Horn, T.J., Harrysson, O.L.A.: Overview of current additive manufacturing technologies and selected applications. Sci. Prog. 95(3), 255 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Petrick, I.J., Simpson, T.W.: 3D printing disrupts manufacturing: how economies of one create new rules of competition. Res.-Technol. Manag. 56(6), 12–16 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schubert, C., Van Langeveld, M.C., Donoso, L.A.: Innovations in 3D printing: a 3D overview from optics to organs. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(2), 159–161 (2013). 304446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Weller, C., Kleer, R., Piller, F.T.: Economic implications of 3D printing: market structure models in light of additive manufacturing revisited. Int. J. Prod. Econ. 164, 43–56 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Saloni, D., Mervine, N.: Investigation of bioplastics for additive manufacturing. In: Di Nicolantonio, M., Rossi, E., Alexander, T. (eds.) Advances in Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, AHFE 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 975. Springer, Cham (2020)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goodship, V., Middleton, B., Cherrington, R.: Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality Electronic Resource: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing. William Andrew, Amsterdam (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yang, Y., Chen, X., Lu, N., Gao, F.: Injection Molding Process Control, Monitoring, and Optimization Electronic Resource. Hanser Publishers, Munich (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lunt, J.: Large-scale production, properties and commercial applications of polylactic acid polymers. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 59(1–3), 145–152 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Álvarez-Chávez, C.R., Edwards, S., Moure-Eraso, R., Geiser, K.: Sustainability of bio-based plastics: general comparative analysis and recommendations for improvement. J. Clean. Prod. 23, 47–56 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mülhaupt, R.: Green polymer chemistry and bio-based plastics: dreams and reality. Macromol. Chem. Phys. 214(2), 159–174 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Murphy, C.A., Collins, M.N.: Microcrystalline cellulose reinforced polylactic acid biocomposite filaments for 3D printing. Polym. Compos. 39(4), 1311–1320 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Q20A/Q2000 DSC Unpacking. http://www.tainstruments.com/q20aq2000-unpack/. Accessed 3 May 2018
  18. 18.
    Torture Test by MAKE. https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:33902. Accessed 3 May 2018
  19. 19.
    Suryanegara, L., Nakagaito, A.N., Yano, H.: The effect of crystallization of PLA on the thermal and mechanical properties of microfibrillated cellulose-reinforced PLA composites. Compos. Sci. Technol. 69, 1187–1192 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Saloni, D., Mervine, N., Verdi, C.: Design and development of biopolymers for additive manufacturing. In: Proceedings of the Industrial and Systems Engineering Conference, Orlando, Fl (2018)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Calignano, F., Manfredi, D., Ambrosio, E.P., Biamino, S., Lombardi, M., Atzeni, E., et al.: Overview on additive manufacturing technologies. Proc. IEEE 105(4), 593–612 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations