Tasking, Teaming, Swarming: Design Patterns for Human Delegation of Unmanned Vehicles

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1210)


In this article we discuss the distinction between human delegation modes of single and multiple unmanned vehicles (UV). To describe the co-agency of humans and highly automated unmanned systems (i.e. human autonomy teaming, HAT) a design and description language for HAT design patterns will be used to describe and distinguish between control modes of tasking, teaming and swarming. Concerning tasking, we advocate for a scalable delegation concept. A distinction of multi-UV teaming and swarming will be made from a human user’s perspective. Finally, we will briefly report on some preliminary results from human-in-the-loop experimentation in our fast-jet research simulator, involving the cockpit-based control of UVs and swarms.


Human autonomy teaming Task-based delegation Teaming Swarming Delegation modes Cognitive agents Unmanned vehicles 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Flight Systems (IFS)Universität der Bundeswehr Munich (UBM)NeubibergGermany

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