Use a UAV System to Enhance Port Security in Unconstrained Environment
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Ensuring maritime port security—a rapidly increasing concern in a post-9/11 world—presents certain operational challenges. As batteries and electric motors grow increasingly lighter and more powerful, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been shown to be capable of enhancing a surveillance system’s capabilities and mitigating its vulnerabilities. In this paper, we looked at the current role unmanned systems are playing in port security and proposed an image-based method to enhance port security. The proposed method uses UAV real-time videos to detect and identify humans via human body detection and facial recognition. Experiments evaluated the system in real-time under differing environmental, daylight, and weather conditions. Three parameters were used to test feasibility: distance, height and angle. The findings suggest UAVs as an affordable, effective tool that may greatly enhance port safety and security.
KeywordsPort security Unmanned aerial vehicles Human body detection Human facial recognition
This research was supported by the Center for Advances in Port Management (CAPM) at Lamar University and the Natural Science Foundation (1726500). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding agencies.
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