Use a UAV System to Enhance Port Security in Unconstrained Environment

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1210)


Ensuring maritime port security—a rapidly increasing concern in a post-9/11 world—presents certain operational challenges. As batteries and electric motors grow increasingly lighter and more powerful, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been shown to be capable of enhancing a surveillance system’s capabilities and mitigating its vulnerabilities. In this paper, we looked at the current role unmanned systems are playing in port security and proposed an image-based method to enhance port security. The proposed method uses UAV real-time videos to detect and identify humans via human body detection and facial recognition. Experiments evaluated the system in real-time under differing environmental, daylight, and weather conditions. Three parameters were used to test feasibility: distance, height and angle. The findings suggest UAVs as an affordable, effective tool that may greatly enhance port safety and security.


Port security Unmanned aerial vehicles Human body detection Human facial recognition 



This research was supported by the Center for Advances in Port Management (CAPM) at Lamar University and the Natural Science Foundation (1726500). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding agencies.


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Industrial Engineering DepartmentLamar UniversityBeaumontUSA
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentLamar UniversityBeaumontUSA
  3. 3.College of BusinessLamar UniversityBeaumontUSA

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