Ecosystem of Ecosystems in InterCity Biking

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1209)


Digitalization, megatrends, the new opportunities offered by technologies have caused societies to break through towards the fourth industrial transformation. It will change the whole society and its structures alongside the business. All societies, not just corporations, but also cities and regions, have to prepare for the change caused by digitalization. That challenges also traditional organizational structures. This requires a new type of business operation and organization.

Cities are responding to the rapid progress of society and are moving from traditional organizational structures to ecosystem development. They are building their own network to involve in developing new operations. While cities largely receive their own funding as taxes, development and change management must be considered in the same way as in businesses. A key measure of efficiency is the improved service and achieved cost efficiency. The article examines the city biking ecosystem development on the Finnish Growth Corridor.


Ecosystems Biking Management of change Smart city 


  1. 1.
    Racontour. MaaS: Changing the way you travel, 11 September 2018.
  2. 2.
    LVM Ministry of transportation and communication (2019).
  3. 3.
    Peris-Ortiz, M., Bennett, D.R., Yábar, D.P.-B.: Sustainable Smart Cities: Creating Spaces for Technological, Social and Business Development. Springer, Cham (2016). ISBN 9783319408958Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wensveen, J.G.: Air Transportation: A Management Perspective. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Rifkin, J.: The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism. St. Martin’s Press, New York (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moss Kanter, R., Litow, S.S.: Informed and Interconnected: A Manifesto for Smarter Cities. Harvard Business School Working Paper 09-141. Harvard Business School, Boston (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salminen, V., Kantola, J., Ruohomaa, H.: Digitalization and big data supporting responsible business co-evolution. In: 2nd International Co-evolute Conference on Human Factors, Business Management and Society (Inside AHFE 2016), Orlando, USA, 27–31 July 2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deloitte: Industry 4.0 challenge: Challenges and solutions for the digital transformation and use of exponential technologies (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    PwC: 4.0 Industry: Building the digital enterprise. Global Industry Survey (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Ruohomaa, H., Salminen, V.: Mobility as a service in small cities – new concept for smart mobility in Industry 4.0 framework. In: ISPIM Connects, Ottawa, Innovation for Local and Global Impact, 7–10 April 2019 (2019)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Panetta, K.: Eight Dimensions of Business Ecosystems. Gartner, 12 July 2017.
  14. 14.

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Häme University of Applied SciencesHämeenlinnaFinland

Personalised recommendations