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Infectious Dental Implant Complications

  • Bedrettin Cem Sener
Chapter
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Abstract

Implant-related pathologic bone loss is the most common problem but not limited only to infectious diseases. Before focusing on peri-implant disease treatment; predisposing local factors, such as cement remnants, bruxism, and systemic factors must be evaluated and eliminated before local treatment attempt. Peri-implant infections are reversible while limited in gingival tissue level. However, irreversible and progressive when infiltrates to connective and bone tissue. The treatment of peri-implant infections must cover the removal of gross debris (debridement), and eradication of biofilm from the implant surface to achieve bone regeneration. The bone regeneration following those steps can be achieved with bone grafting or guided bone regeneration techniques. Mobility of the implant indicates the removal of the implant. A biopsy must be obtained from those peri-implant diseases, which do not respond to any of these treatment modalities or have an unusual clinical appearance.

Keywords

Peri-implantitis Treatment Debridement Decontamination Diagnosis Regeneration Implantoplasty Retrograde peri-implantitis Corrosion 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bedrettin Cem Sener
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Toronto Instructor, & Private PracticeTorontoCanada

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