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Modeling to Evaluate Conventional Procedures

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Using the newer perspective based on the data presented in the last five chapters, this chapter reviews the conventional procedures for the external nose and the nasal valve. Each traditional procedure is analyzed using the dynamic prism mode. With the understanding that the framework layer is pivotal in functional and aesthetic outcomes, looking at procedures from commercial devices to various types of grafts sheds new light on their utility.


  • Cartilage grafts
  • Nasal valve procedures
  • Columellar strut
  • Alar cartilage repositioning
  • Batten grafting
  • Columellar strut

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44674-1_6
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Stupak, H.D. (2020). Modeling to Evaluate Conventional Procedures. In: Rethinking Rhinoplasty and Facial Surgery. Springer, Cham.

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