Dowsett EB. Discussion on mouth breathing and nasal obstruction. Proc R Soc Med. 1932;25(8):1343–55.
Nunez DA, Bradley PJ. A randomised clinical trial of turbinectomy for compensatory turbinate hypertrophy in patients with anterior septal deviations. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2000;25(6):495–8.
Illum P. Septoplasty and compensatory inferior turbinate hypertrophy: long-term results after randomized turbinoplasty. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 1997;254(Suppl 1):S89–92.
Sharhan SSA, Lee EJ, Hwang CS, Nam JS, Yoon JH, Kim CH, Cho HJ. Radiological comparison of inferior turbinate hypertrophy between allergic and non-allergic rhinitis: does allergy really augment turbinate hypertrophy? Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2018;275(4):923–9.
Grutzenmacher S, Robinson DM, Grafe K, Lang C, Mlynski G. First findings concerning airflow in noses with septal deviation and compensatory turbinate hypertrophy–a model study. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2006;68(4):199–205.
Kato T, Masuda Y, Yoshida A, Morimoto T. Masseter EMG activity during sleep and sleep bruxism. Arch Ital Biol. 2011;149(4):478–91.
Ikawa Y, Mochizuki A, Katayama K, Kato T, Ikeda M, Abe Y, Nakamura S, Nakayama K, Wakabayashi N, Baba K, Inoue T. Effects of citalopram on jaw-closing muscle activity during sleep and wakefulness in mice. Neurosci Res. 2016;113:48–55.
Wang Y, Wang J, Liu Y, Yu S, Sun X, Li S, Shen S, Zhao W. Fluid-structure interaction modeling of upper airways before and after nasal surgery for obstructive sleep apnea. Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng. 2012;28(5):528–46.
Rhee JS, Weaver EM, Park SS, et al. Clinical consensus statement: diagnosis and management of nasal valve compromise. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;143(1):48–59.
Li C, Farag AA, Leach J, Deshpande B, Jacobowitz A, Kim K, Otto BA, Zhao K. Computational fluid dynamics and trigeminal sensory examinations of empty nose syndrome patients. Laryngoscope. 2017;127(6):E176–84.
Balakin BV, Farbu E, Kosinski P. Aerodynamic evaluation of the empty nose syndrome by means of computational fluid dynamics. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Eng. 2017;20(14):1554–61.
de Moura BH, Migliavacca RO, Lima RK, et al. Partial inferior turbinectomy in rhinoseptoplasty has no effect in quality-of-life outcomes: a randomized clinical trial. Laryngoscope. 2018;128(1):57–63.
Harju T, Numminen J, Kivekäs I, Rautiainen M. A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study of inferior turbinate surgery. Laryngoscope. 2018;128(9):1997–2003.
Zang HR, Li LF, Zhou B, Li YC, Wang T, Han DM. Pharyngeal aerodynamic characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome patients. Chin Med J. 2012;125(17):3039–43.
Naughton JP, Lee AY, Ramos E, Wootton D, Stupak HD. Effect of nasal valve shape on downstream volume, airflow, and pressure drop: importance of the nasal valve revisited. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2018;127(11):745–53.
Genta PR, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Owens RL, Butler JP, Loring SH, White DP, Wellman A. Tube law of the pharyngeal airway in sleeping patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2016;39(2):337–43.
Owens RL, Edwards BA, Sands SA, Butler JP, Eckert DJ, White DP, Malhotra A, Wellman A. The classical Starling resistor model often does not predict inspiratory airflow patterns in the human upper airway. J Appl Physiol. 2014;116(8):1105–12.
Sériès F, Chakir J, Boivin D. Influence of weight and sleep apnea status on immunologic and structural features of the uvula. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004;170(10):1114–9.
McNicholas WT. The nose and OSA: variable nasal obstruction may be more important in pathophysiology than fixed obstruction. Eur Respir J. 2008;32(1):3–8.
Stupak HD, Park SY. Gravitational forces, negative pressure and facial structure in the genesis of airway dysfunction during sleep: a review of the paradigm. Sleep Med. 2018;51:125–32.
Behrbohm H, Tardy E. Essentials of septorhinoplasty, 2nd ed. Stuttgart; New York: Thieme; 2017.
Stewart MG, Witsell DL, Smith TL, et al. Development and validation of the Nasal obstructions symptom evaluation (NOSE) scale. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130(20):157–63.
Lipen MJ, Most SM. Development of a severity classification system for subjective nasal obstruction. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2013;15(5):358–61.
Mohan S, Fuller JC, Ford SF, Lindsay RW. Diagnostic and therapeutic management of nasal airway obstruction: advances in diagnosis and treatment. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2018;20(5):409–18.
Leitzen KP, Brietzke SE, Lindsay RW. Correlation between nasal anatomy and objective obstructive sleep apnea severity. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;150(2):325–31.
Bailey RS, Casey KP, Pawar SS, Garcia GJ. Correlation of nasal mucosal temperature with subjective nasal patency in healthy individuals. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2017;19(1):46–52.
Bonaparte JP, Campbell R. A prospective cohort study assessing the clinical utility of the Cottle maneuver in nasal septal surgery. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;47(1):45.
Jiang S, Davani A, Chen J, Stupak H. Thermal imaging as a potential measure of nasal airflow: a pilot study. Poster presentation at the 2019 american academy of facial plastic and reconstructive surgery spring meeting, Austin, Texas.
De Coster L, Eloy P, Ferdinande L, Taildeman J, Cuvelier CA, Watelet JB. Different types of tissue composition in inflammatory or reparative upper airway disorders. Rhinology. 2012;50(4):393–401.