Stigmatisation in Newspapers
- 101 Downloads
This chapter investigates how cyclists are portrayed in the media by exploring discursive moves that generate an ‘us vs. them’ narrative when cyclists and pro-cycling activists are discussed. It focuses, in particular, on the reporting of a fatal collision in London between Alliston, who was riding a bicycle, and Briggs, who was crossing the road. The qualitative analysis presented here observes a selection of newspaper articles concerning that collision, and the ensuing trial, by applying the approach proposed by van Dijk (Discourse and Society 3:87–118, 1992) to investigate racist discourse in the press. The discourse moves employed by journalists to deny racism, for face-saving reasons and identified by van Dijk in his research, are employed here to analyse the selected articles in order to show what racist discourse and the discursive stigmatisation of cyclists have in common. The chapter closes with a description of Poli’s (Mobility and Environment: Humanists Versus Engineers in Urban Policy and Professional Education. Springer, Heidelberg, 2011) three approaches to traffic policy.
KeywordsCollision Racist discourse Face-saving Stigma Us vs. them
- Aldred, R. (2016). Stakeholders, Policy and Media. In M. Bliemer, C. Mulley, & C. Moutou (Eds.), Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies. Sydney, NSW, Australia: University of Sydney.Google Scholar
- Baker, P. C. (2019, October 3). Collision Course: Why Are Cars Killing More and More Pedestrians? The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/03/collision-course-pedestrian-deaths-rising-driverless-cars. Accessed 23 November 2019.
- Charteris-Black, J. (2006). Britain as a Container: Immigration Metaphors in the 2005 Election Campaign. Discourse and Society, 17(5): 563–581.Google Scholar
- Cowing, E. (2018, April 21). Cyclists! On Your Bike If You Have No Licence. The Scottish Daily Mail.Google Scholar
- DfT. (2012). THINK! Cyclist. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/think-cyclist. Accessed 10 June 2019.
- DfT. (2017). Reported Road Casualties Great Britain 2016. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/668504/reported-road-casualties-great-britain-2016-complete-report.pdf. Accessed 20 May 2019.
- DfT. (2019). THINK! Campaigns. https://www.think.gov.uk/campaigns/. Accessed 12 June 2019.
- Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and Power. London: Longman.Google Scholar
- Fincham, B. (2007). Bicycle Messengers: Image, Identity and Community. In D. Horton, P. Rosen, & P. Cox (Eds.), Cycling and Society (pp. 179–195). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Furness, Z. (2010). One Less Car: Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
- Gilligan, V. (2008). Breaking Bad. Santa Monica, CA: High Bridge Productions.Google Scholar
- Grierson, J. (2017, August 23). Ex-courier Convicted for Mowing Down Woman on His Track Bike. The Guardian. Retrieved online https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/aug/23/ex-courier-charlie-alliston-convicted-for-mowing-down-kim-briggs-on-his-track-bike.
- Halliday, M. A. K. (1994). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
- Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R.  (2013). Cohesion in English. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hendrickson, R. (2000). The Facts on File Dictionary of American Regionalisms. New York: Facts on File.Google Scholar
- HL House of Lords. (2017). February 21 Debate (vol 779 col 201). Retrieved from https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2017-02-21/debates/9A234351-46B5-4D97-B679-A798F1C8476E/AirPollution. Accessed 12 June 2019.
- Horton, D. (2007). Fear of Cycling in Horton. In D. Horton, P. Rosen, & P. Cox (Eds.), Cycling and Society (pp. 133–152). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Johnson, M. (2014, September 17). Why Do We Still Hear People Joke About Hitting Cyclists? The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/why-do-we-still-hear-people-joke-about-hitting-cyclists-31214. Accessed 16 May 2019.
- Kilgarriff, A., Baisa, V., Bušta, J., Jakubíček, M., Kovář, V., Michelfeit, J., et al. (2014). The Sketch Engine: Ten Years On. Lexicography, 1, 7–36. http://www.sketchengine.eu.
- OED Online. (2019). Oxford University Press. www.oed.com.
- Porter, M. (2017, August 23). Motorist Would Not Have Landed Cyclist’s ‘Wanton and Furious Driving’ Charge. The Guardian. Retrieved online https://www.theguardian.com/environment/bike-blog/2017/aug/23/motorist-would-not-have-landed-cyclists-wanton-and-furious-driving-charge. Accessed 20 June 2019.
- Rothman, L. (2013). Breaking Bad: What Does That Phrase Actually Mean? Time. http://entertainment.time.com/2013/09/23/breaking-bad-what-does-that-phrase-actually-mean/. Accessed 10 June 2019.
- Shariatmadari, D. (2017, August 24). After Kim Briggs’s Death, Cyclists Must Realise That They Are Traffic Too. The Guardian. Retrieved online https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/24/kim-briggs-cyclists-traffic-bike-charlie-alliston.
- Spagnolo, C. (2016, January 22). Lecce, piomba con l’auto sui ciclisti e fugge: uno è morto, un altro è grave. Forse una lite, un fermato Repubblica. Retrieved online https://bari.repubblica.it/cronaca/2016/01/22/news/auto_pirata-131829166/.
- Sparks, M. (2011, March 1). Driver Ploughs into Critical Mass Ride in Brazil. The Guardian. Retrieved online https://www.theguardian.com/environment/bike-blog/2011/mar/01/diver-brazilian-critical-mass-ride.
- Street-Porter, J. (2015, April 17). Janet Street-Porter: Death Threats and How My Joke About This Ice Cream Exposed the Sick Heart of the SNP. Mail Online. Retrieved online https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3042846/JANET-STREET-PORTER-Death-threats-joke-ice-cream-exposed-sick-heart-SNP.html.
- Street-Porter, J. (2017, September 22). Cyclists Are Rude, Abusive and Uncivil—But They Do Deserve More Protection on Our Roads. The Independent. Retrieved online https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/cyclist-london-cycling-charlie-alliston-kim-briggs-helmets-vehicles-pedestrians-a7961551.html.
- Sustrans. (2019, May). Active Travel in the Media: Exploring Representations of Walking and Cycling in UK and Scottish Online News. Retrieved online https://www.sustrans.org.uk/sites/default/files/file_content_type/susr1682_active_travel_in_the_media_srp_v2.0.pdf.
- The Guardian. (2019). Do Cyclists Think They’re Above the Law, and Does It Even Matter? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DBP2LTQxqZ8. Accessed 20 June 2019.
- The Times. (2017, August 25). Braking Good. Retrieved online https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/braking-good-cyclist-charlie-alliston-convicted-of-wanton-and-furious-driving-after-death-of-kim-briggs-5k2mg0hdb.
- van Dijk, T. A. (1992). Discourse and the Denial of Racism. Discourse and Society, 3(1), 87–118.Google Scholar
- van Dijk, T. A. (2016). Critical Discourse Studies: A Sociocognitive Approach. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Studies (3rd ed., pp. 62–85). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2018). Road Traffic Injuries. https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/road-traffic-injuries. Accessed 12 June 2019.
- Wild, K., Woodward, A., Field, A., & Macmillan, A. (2018). Beyond ‘bikelash’: Engaging with Community Opposition to Cycle Lanes. Mobilities, 13(4), 505–519.Google Scholar