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Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Viscosity of the Fluid Magmatic Systems in Conjunction with the Structure of Melts at the Thermodynamic Parameters of the Earth’s Crust and Upper Mantle

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Abstract

Paper provides a brief overview of the results of the established general regularities of the concentration, temperature, pressures and phase dependency of viscosity of the fluid-magmatic systems in connection with the anniversary of IEM RAS (50 years have passed since the establishment of this unique Institution). The study of the viscosity of such melts was carried out in the full range of compositions of natural magmas (acid-ultrabasic) in a wide range of fluid compositions (Ar, H2O, H2O + HCl, H2O + NaCl, H2O + HF, CO2, H2O + CO2, H2), and thermodynamic parameters of the earth’s crust and upper mantle (T = 800°–1950 °C, P = 100 MPa–12.0 GPa, Pfl= 10–500 MPa). The study of the viscosity of such melts was carried out in the IEM RAS in conjunction with the study of structural features of melts. The features of the unique equipment and techniques developed in the IEM RAS for such original studies are briefly considered. The possibilities and advantages of the developed structural-chemical model of reliable predictions and calculations of viscosity of fluid-magmatic systems in the full range of magma compositions from acidic to ultramafic at thermodynamic parameters of the earth’s crust and upper mantle are discussed. Some examples of successful application of the obtained experimental and theoretical results to natural processes are briefly considered.

Keywords

Viscosity Structure Acidic-ultramafic melts High temperatures and pressures Activation energy Crust Mantle Model Sphere 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was carried out under the theme NIR AAAA-A18-118020590141-4 of the IEM RAS and was supported by the program № 8 of the Presidium of RAS. We thank A. N. Nekrasov (IEM RAS) for his generous help during electron microprobe analysis of samples, G. V. Bondarenko (IEM RAS) and S. Newman (Caltech, USA) for their help during FTIR and Raman spectroscopy study of samples. We thank A. G. Sokol from IGM SB RAS for his help during experimental study of the viscosity of kimberlite and basalt melts at high pressures. We are grateful to D. M. Sultanov from IEM RAS for his help in the preparation of high quality drawings.

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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.D.S. Korzhinskii Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow RegionRussia

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